Improving physical and Mental Health section RCPsych Logo


Long Term Conditions

Long Term Conditions



Physical illness, when co-morbid with mental illness, is significantly associated with increased prevalence of mental illness and poorer outcomes, and with increased utilization of resources, particularly in the common chronic diseases.


For example:

*  Patients with depressive disorder are twice as likely to use emergency department services as those without depression.

*  In diabetes, total health expenditure is four and a half times higher for individuals with depression than for those without depression.

 In chronic heart disease, depressed patients have higher rates of complications and are more likely to undergo invasive procedures.

*  People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are also depressed have longer hospital stays and increased symptom burden.



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