Types of therapy and treatments
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Acuphase is a type
of depot antipsychotic.
Antidepressants are used in the treatment of
depression, anxiety, obsessional problems and sometimes pain. See
our factsheet on antidepressants for further information.
Antipsychotics are used for the treatment of
psychosis. They are sometimes referred to as Neuroleptics. Some of
the earlier drugs in this group were haloperidol and
chlorpromazine. In recent years, a new group of antipsychotics has
been developed which have fewer side-effects. These are called
Atypical Antipsychotics and include clozapine. olanzapine,
risperidone and quetiapine.
is a form of psychotherapy which
uses the creation of art or craft, to help release and explore the
precise and personal images and metaphors which lie at the
foundation of the personality, so that they can be explored and
discussed within a therapeutic relationship.
See the British Association of Art Therapists for further
Atypical Antipsychotics are a newer group of
antipsychotics which have fewer side-effects than the older
Behaviour therapy is a form of psychotherapy
which seeks to improve the way a person feels by changing what they
do. It is commonly used to overcome phobias.
Benzodiazepines are drugs that relax people
and make them feel calm. Unfortunately, the effects are only
short-lived and people can become addicted to them, which can make
them more anxious. They can be effective in very short
Carbamazepine is a drug sometimes used as an
alternative to Lithium in stopping the symptoms of manic depression
and is particularly effective in people with rapid swings between
mania and depression. See our leaflet on Manic Depression (Bipolar
Disorder) for further information.
Care programme approach is a system for
looking after people with mental health problems, and of ensuring
that they receive the help and support they need from mental health
services, and that this care is well organised.
Crisis intervention team A team of mental
health professionals whose job is to work with people with mental
illness who are going through a crisis. The aim of the team is to
bring about a rapid resolution of the problem and prevent admission
Cognitive analytical therapy is a form of
psychotherapy that involves a therapist and a client working
together, by looking at what has hindered changes in the past, in
order to understand better how to move forward in the present.
Questions like, "Why do I always end up feeling like this?" become
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a talking
treatment that emphasises the important role of thinking in how we
feel and what we do. The treatment involves identifying how
negative thoughts affect us and then looks at ways of tackling or
challenging those thoughts. See our factsheet on Cognitive
Behavioural Therapy for further information.
Control and restraint is a method used to
safely restrain a person who is very unwell and poses a serious
risk to the health and safety of themselves or others.
Counselling is a type of psychotherapy which
helps people address and resolve their problems and work through
CT (Computerised Tomography) scan is a
computerised type of x-ray that gives very detailed images of
internal organs such as the brain. The MRI scan provides even
Depot medication is a special way of taking
medicine as an injection, which releases the drug slowly over
several weeks. For further information see our leaflet on depot
ECT (Electro-Convulsive Therapy) is a method
of treatment for mental distress/illness. It is mainly used for
people with a diagnosis of severe depression who do not appear to
be getting better or are not responding to medication. ECT involves
passing a current of electricity through the head, which causes a
convulsion (fit) in the brain. As medication is given to relax the
muscles, there is very little movement of the body.
Lithium is a simple chemical, like the salt
we use on our food. It is a treatment that has been in use since
1949, mainly for the treatment of manic depression (bipolar
Mental Health Act (1983) is the legislation
that governs the compulsory admission and treatment of people with
mental health problems. The Act was passed in 1983 and is currently
under review. Please note that this act only applies to England and
Wales. Other parts of the UK have their own legislation. The
majority of patients will be admitted to hospital as informal
patients, which means that they have voluntarily agreed to go.
However, compulsory admission may be necessary when someone has
such severe problems that they are a risk to their own health or
the health or safety of other people, and they refuse to go into
hospital. Admission can be arranged therefore under one of the
following sections of the 1983 Mental Health Act and the person is
detained ‘on section’ (or ‘sectioned’).
Section 2. Two doctors and an Approved Social
Worker may use this section of the Mental Health Act to commit
someone to hospital for up to 28 days if they believe them to be in
need of assessment because they are suffering from mental illness
and are a danger to themselves or others.
Section 3. Two doctors and an Approved Social
Worker may use this section of the Mental Health Act to commit
someone to hospital for up to six months if they believe them to be
suffering from mental illness and to be a danger to themselves or
others and that the illness requires compulsory treatment.
Section 4. This is an emergency section of the
Mental Health Act that is used when only one doctor is available.
This criteria are the same as for section 2 but it only allows
someone to be admitted for 72 hours.
Mood-stabilisers are drugs, such as Lithium,
which can be very effective for most people with a diagnosis of
severe manic depression. Carbamazepine is sometimes used as an
alternative to Lithium.
MRI scan is a computerised system which can
produce very detailed images of the internal organs of the body.
MRI scans of the brain are very useful in helping to diagnose
physical brain problems.
Neuroleptics are antipsychotic drugs which
get rid of, or reduce, the intensity of psychotic experiences such
as delusions and hallucinations. They also have a calming
uses purposeful activity
and meaningful occupation to help people with mental health
problems and play a key role in helping people overcome problems
and gain confidence in themselves (useful link
Types of treatment which
involve talking and listening. For more information see our
Sleeping tablets Are to help people sleep.
These can be effective in the short term but people can become
dependent on them so their long term use should be avoided. See our
factsheet on tranquillisers and sleeping tablets and our leaflet
‘Sleeping well’ for further information.