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The Royal College of Psychiatrists Improving the lives of people with mental illness

Kaleidoscope September 2017

BJPsych September 2017This month’s Kaleidoscope column in the BJPsych reports on the debate about going smoke-free on psychiatric wards. Whilst we recognise the obvious health benefits, and see that broader societal trends are moving this way (remember when you could smoke on an airplane?), it was argued by some that psychiatric wards should be exempted from legislation. Some of this was well-intentioned, if possibly patronising: at an enormously challenging time in someone’s life, why force them to stop smoking too? It does undermine somewhat our frequent call for parity-of-esteem with physical healthcare. However, there was a deeper but less openly spoken concern: smoking was ‘therapeutic’ and ‘calming people down’ on our wards – stop that and there would be greater rates of violence. The anxiety was perhaps understandable – the anecdote is easy to envisage – but we need to be grown up and have such conversations more openly. In any case, implementation frequently moved quicker than our in-house deliberations, and it came to pass that almost all units are now smoke-free. So what happened next? The first large study to explore the effects has just been published, following up an entire NHS Trust for 30 months before, and 12 months after, the smoking ban. The outcome? A 40% reduction in violence. Now there is a lot to unpack and debate within that, to which I can’t do justice here, but it’s a strong challenge to our preconceptions.

Finally, I made a graph showing my past relationships: it had an ex axis and a why axis. No doubt many of us have looked back on a previous relationship and wondered if we were deluded. This month’s Kaleidoscope found a wonderful piece from the journal Medical Humanities that explores love and delusions. It focuses on erotomania, which always sounds like a wild and fun festival, but is obviously quite serious and can lead to dangerous stalking behaviour. Moving to non-pathological variants, the piece argues that a degree of delusion is normal and healthy in all relationships; it helps keep one’s other half important and less flawed, and of course, the same about us in their eyes. The paper finishes on a more melancholic note: the author concluding that the only difference between love and delusions is that “delusions persist; love dies”.


September 2017 Kaleidoscope monthly Quiz (True or False)

Q1: A recent comparison of investment in mental health research as a spend per disability adjusted life year (DALY) put the UK pleasingly on top of the quartet that included France, Finland, and Spain.
A1: True

Q2: A randomised controlled trial comparing fluoxetine, CBT, and placebo in the treatment of hypochondriasis showed both active interventions superior to placebo, with medication having a faster rate of improvement than talking therapy.
A2: True

Q3: There were over 45,000 physical assaults against NHS mental health staff in 2014-15: this translates to us being nine times more likely to be assaulted than those in acute physical health settings.

A3: True


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