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The Royal College of Psychiatrists Improving the lives of people with mental illness
Work and mental health

Supporting and encouraging good self-management

Developing a Wellness and Recovery Action Plan (WRAP)to help manage an ongoing mental health condition

One approach to managing a health condition which fluctuates is for your employee to develop a Wellness and Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) with the help of their health or care professionals.  The WRAP helps your employee to think about what s/he needs to keep well at work, how to identify the signs or triggers for ill-health, what to do if a crisis occurs and how to get back on track after a crisis. 

Some organisations like Rethink and the Employers’ Forum on Disability are supportive of the idea that all staff, whether they have a mental health problem or not, would benefit from developing a WRAP and this would be one way of reducing the stigma attached to mental ill-health.  


Links to resources

Rethink - We can work it out

This booklet was developed for line managers and includes how to develop a WRAP including 6 key sections Daily maintenance plan, triggers, early warning signs, when things are breaking down, crisis plan and towards recovery. Appendix A of the report includes an example of a WRAP developed by a former member of Rethink staff.



This is an initiative to tackle stigma and discrimination surrounding mental health issues in England. The campaign aims to create a society where people who experience mental health problems enjoy the same rights and opportunities as other people.  The website has links specifically for employers.  The line managers resource is a practical guide to managing and supporting people with mental health problems in the workplace. 

This link is includes a template for an advance statement or WRAP.


Feeling stressed: Keeping well

This workbook is available through the Mindful Employer initiative.  It is based on elements of the Wellness Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) originally developed by Mary Ellen Copeland and a group of mental health service users who wanted to work on their own recovery. It is a practical tool to help people with mental health problems to gain more control over problems or difficulties you may encounter as a result of stress caused by workload, relationships with colleagues, outside work pressures or other issues.


Realising ambitions: Better employment support for people with a mental health condition

Rachel Perkins, Paul Farmer and Paul Litchfield

Department for Work and Pensions, December 2009

This review was commissioned by the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions to look at mental health and employment and to identify how Government could help people with mental health conditions fulfil their employment ambitions.  Appendix 6 includes suggestions for what a WRAP for work might contain.  The review also includes an example of the strategies that some people have found effective in managing their mental health condition at work.


Shaw Trust

Tackling the last workplace taboo

This website has been developed by the Shaw Trust and focuses on how employers can manage mental health issues in the workplace.  This section includes information on how to create a healthy workplace for all employees. 

Developing a Wellness and Recovery Action Plan (WRAP) or Advance Statement (Clinicians module)