Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS)

webpage updated 30 June 2023

HoNOS for People with Intellectual Disability (HoNOS-ID)

The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for People with Learning Disabilities (HoNOS-LD) has been used widely for 20 years, but like other original versions of the HoNOS family, has not been updated to reflect contemporary clinical practice. As well as its use in UK services, New Zealand have mandated the HoNOS-LD for routine monitoring and outcome measurement across their intellectual disability services at a national level. 

Following on from the review of the HoNOS and HoNOS65+, the Royal College of Psychiatrists convened an advisory board with membership from the UK and New Zealand. The board consisted of multi-disciplinary professionals with expertise in working with people with intellectual disabilities and its aim was to propose amendments to the HoNOS-LD. Views and experience from the countries involved were used to produce a series of amendments intended to improve intra- and interrater reliability and improve validity, rather than a more radical revision. This update is called HoNOS-ID to reflect the changing nature of the population and services provided to meet their needs. 

View the results of the review 
 
Further work is now being undertaken looking at exploratory factor analysis; confirmatory factor analysis; internal consistency; test-retest reliability; sensitivity to change and inter-rater agreement.

View the final version of the revised tool

 

 

 

 

The Research and Development Department for Mental Health Services at Akershus University Hospital, Norway have been liaising with the College and have now published a translated version of the HoNOS 2018.

View the HoNOS 2018 Norwegian version

For further information please contact: Ketil Hanssen-Bauer MD, PhD, R&D Department, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Akershus University Hospital, Norway. Email ketil.hanssen-bauer@ahus.no  

 

Guidance on the use of HoNOS in Perinatal Mental Health Services

 

Whilst the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) are easy to use in mainstream mental health services, some specialised services find it helpful to have additional guidance giving more specific glossary descriptions to guide the clinician. 

We would like to thank the  NHS Wales Perinatal Mental Health Network who have been working closely with the College to produce this newly published additional guidance on the use of the HoNOS in Perinatal Mental Health services.

 

Additional guidance in the use of HoNOS in Perinatal Services

 

HoNOS Older Adults: Assessment of Content Validity

Further to the publication of the HoNOS Older Adults (revised version of the original HoNOS65+), it was acknowledged that it was highly desirable that the perceived benefits of the changes be subjected to empirical testing. A study to evaluate the content validity of the HoNOS Older Adults has now concluded and the final report can be accessed at the link below. Content validity was identified as a priority because deficits in content validity can affect all other measurement properties. 

The project was a collaboration between teams in Australia, England and New Zealand, and we would like to thank the Australian Mental Health Outcomes and Classification Network (AMHOCN) for leading and coordinating this work.

 

Download Assessing the content validity of the revised Health of the Nation Outcome Scales65+: the HoNOSOlder Adults 

 

HoNOS (2018): Assessment of Content Validity

 

 

Following the publication of the HoNOS 2018, it was acknowledged that it was highly desirable that the perceived benefits of the changes be subjected to empirical testing. A study to evaluate the content validity of the HoNOS 2018 has now concluded and the final report can be accessed at the link below. Content validity was identified as a priority because deficits in content validity can affect all other measurement properties. 

The project was a collaboration between teams in Australia, England and New Zealand, and we would like to thank the Australian Mental Health Outcomes and Classification Network (AMHOCN) for leading and coordinating this work.

 

The article that describes this work (“Assessing the Content Validity of the Revised Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS 2018)") has been published in an International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health special issue, Instruments for Measuring Health 

HoNOS (2018)

Since the publication of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) in 1996, they have demonstrated adequate reliability, validity, clinical utility and sensitivity to change.   England, Australia, and New Zealand, have also mandated the HoNOS for routine monitoring and outcome measurement across their mental health services at a national level.

Whilst recognising this basic soundness, two decades of training, use and analysis, together with advances in psychiatry and mental health services, resulted in a recognition that updates to the glossary are required to improve use of the HoNOS. The Royal College of Psychiatrists (RCPsych) elected to undertake a limited review (rather than a full redevelopment and revalidation) that aimed to use expert opinion to improve the utility of the HoNOS: remaining true to its original aims and maintaining comparability with existing datasets, whilst improving rater experience by removing ambiguity and inconsistency in the glossary.

Download the results of the review

Download the revised HoNOS glossary (HoNOS 2018)

HoNOS Older Adults

The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Elderly People (HoNOS65+) has been used widely for 20 years, but like the original version for working age adults, has not been updated to reflect contemporary clinical practice. Australia and New Zealand have mandated the HoNOS65+ for routine monitoring and outcome measurement across their older people’s mental health services at a national level. Use in England is more varied with many people using the tabulated version. The HoNOS65+ section has detailed information about the various versions available. 

Following on from the review of the HoNOS, the Royal College of Psychiatrists invited additional members with expertise in working with older adults to join the advisory board, to propose amendments to the HoNOS65+. Views and experience from the countries involved were used to produce a series of amendments intended to improve intra- and interrater reliability and improve validity, rather than a more radical revision. This update is called HoNOS Older Adults to reflect the changing nature of the population and services provided to meet their needs. 

Download the results of the review

Download the revised HonoS65+ glossary (HoNOS Older Adults)

FAQs

Frequently asked questions about HoNOS

In 1993 the UK Department of Health commissioned the Royal College of Psychiatrists’ Research Unit (CRU) to develop scales to measure the health and social functioning of people with severe mental illness. The initial aim was to provide a means of recording progress towards the Health of the Nation target ‘to improve significantly the health and social functioning of mentally ill people’

Development and testing over three years resulted in an instrument with 12 items measuring behaviour, impairment, symptoms and social functioning (Wing, Curtis & Beevor, 1996).  The scales are completed after routine clinical assessments in any setting and have a variety of uses for clinicians, researchers and administrators, in particular health care commissioners and providers. The scales were developed using stringent testing for acceptability, usability, sensitivity, reliability and validity, and have been accepted by the NHS Executive Committee for Regulating Information Requirements for entry in the NHS Data Dictionary. The scales also form part of the English Minimum Data Set for Mental Health.

The use of HoNOS is recommended by the English National Service Framework for Mental Health and by the working group to the Department of Health on outcome indicators for severe mental illnesses.

HoNOS is the most widely used routine clinical outcome measure used by English mental health services. The CRU conducted a survey of NHS mental health services in England in 2000 and found 34 services had implemented the use of HoNOS in one or more service settings. A further survey by the Department of Health in 2002 found that 61 trusts were using HoNOS in their services with 5 having implemented the use of the scales across the whole service.

HoNOS Training

More information on training: HoNOS Working Age Adults training (pdf)

This training is available online. Please contact Emma George for details. 

HoNOS Supplies

The Royal College of Psychiatrists which developed HoNOS, provides the following to support its implementation  HoNOS supplies order form (pdf)

  • Scoresheet An A4 sheet for recording background patient information and the HoNOS score.
  • Glossaries A small, handy folding reference guides for the rating of HoNOS.
  • Labels Self-adhesive score sheet labels to affix to case notes or other documents. There are nine labels on each A4 sheet. 
    Contact: Emma George via emma.george@rcpsych.ac.uk

There are now a number of different versions of the HoNOS65+. The original HoNOS65+ was published in 1999. This version is mandated for use in Australia and New Zealand but use in England is more variable. Many Trusts use the HIG65+ version, a tabulated version of that originally published by the Royal College of Psychiatrists' College Research Unit. This was refined and clarified between 1997 and 1999 by members of the HoNOS65+ Development Group of the former Lewisham & Guy's Mental Health NHS Trust; the first Trust to fully implement HoNOS65+. In 2018, the RCPsych worked with colleagues in Australia and New Zealand to develop a revised version of the original HoNOS65+, called the HoNOS Older Adults.

All of these version consist of the same 12 scales that are used to rate older adult mental health service users. Together, they rate various aspects of mental and social health, each on a scale of 0-4. They are designed to be used by clinicians before and after interventions, so that changes attributable to the interventions (outcomes) can be measured. The scales are as follows:

  • Behavioural disturbance
  • Non-accidental self injury
  • Problem drinking or drug use Cognitive problems
  • Problems related to physical illness or disability
  • Problems associated with hallucinations and/or delusions or false beliefs
  • Problems associated with depressive symptoms
  • Other mental and behavioural problems
  • Problems with social or supportive relationships
  • Problems with activities of daily living
  • Overall problems with living conditions
  • Problems with work and leisure activities - quality of day time environment

Each scale is rated as follows:

  1. No problem
  2. Minor problem that is non-clinical: i.e. would not normally lead to intervention
  3. Mild problem (that would justify intervention
  4. Moderate problem
  5. Severe problem

Contact: Emma George via emma.george@rcpsych.ac.uk

Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents was developed for children and adolescents (under the age of 18) in contact with mental health services. The use of HoNOSCA has been fully supported by the Department of Health and was employed in the Audit Commission survey of child and adolescent mental health services in 1998.

Contact: Emma George via emma.george@rcpsych.ac.uk

Background

HoNOS-secure version 2b is the latest version of what was previously known as HoNOS-MDO*.  It is specifically designed for use in health and social care settings such as secure psychiatric, prison health care and related forensic services, including those based in the community.  Parts of the original HoNOS can be hard to interpret in secure settings, and this scale meets that need.

In 2002, Dr Philip Sugarman and Lorraine Walker developed the first version of HoNOS-secure within St Andrew’s Group of Hospitals.  (St Andrew’s Group of Hospitals is now known as St Andrew’s Healthcare).  The ‘MDO scale’ was developed into 7 security scales so that the completed score sheet provided a profile of 19 severity ratings, a total HoNOS score and a separate security score.  The title was changed from ‘MDO’ (Mentally Disordered Offenders) to ‘secure’ to include all users of secure services.

HoNOS-secure version 2 was developed in late 2004 by simplifying the original instructions and making some changes to the wording of the security scales (based on detailed feedback from users and a review of rating reliability).  The aim was to create a more ‘user friendly’ tool. In version 2b, developed February 2007, the scales are unchanged but the instructions have been simplified based on feedback received at training sessions.

The 7 security rating scales are:

  • A = risk of harm to adults or children
  • B = risk of self-harm (deliberate or accidental)
  • C = need of building security to prevent physical escape
  • D = need for a safely staffed living environment
  • E = need for escort on leave (beyond the secure perimeter)
  • F = risk to individual from others
  • G = need for risk management procedures.

Like the previous versions, HoNOS-secure version 2b is not a risk assessment tool.  It allows the outcome of clinical risk assessment to be rated in terms of need for care and need for clinical risk management procedures.

*HoNOS-MDO consisted of an amended version of the 12 original HoNOS scales and a single ‘MDO scale’ that set out the overall need for level of secure care.  It was piloted by the Kent Forensic Psychiatric Service across Regional Secure Units in the South Thames Region.  Results showed a very high inter-rater reliability and also good reliability in using HoNOS and HoNOS-MDO interchangeably in those settings.

HoNOS-Secure glossary and scoresheet

Contact: Sanjith Kamath, Executive Medical Director via skamath@standrew.co.uk.

 

Introduction

Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for People with Learning Disabilities are designed for use with people with a learning disability with mental health needs irrespective of the degree of their disability. HoNOS-LD has been tested for inter-rater reliability, convergent reliability, validity to change and acceptability in a national pilot study. Results demonstrate a good inter-rater reliability and a level of sensitivity to change that was acceptable to clinicians working in the field.

Onsite training

Contact:   Emma George on 020 3701 2611 or via emma.george@rcpsych.ac.uk.

Background

Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Acquired Brain Injury was derived largely from HoNOS65+ by a group of brain injury psychiatrists interested in developing a version HoNOS more suited for this group of people.

Contact: Emma George emma.george@rcpsych.ac.uk.

2022

Abraham, J., Purandare, K., McCabe, J., Wijeratne, A., Eggleston, E., Oak, K., Laugharne, R., Roy, A. and Shankar, R., 2022. An 8‐year study of admissions and discharges to a specialist intellectual disability inpatient unit. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 35(2), pp.569-576.

Baquedano, M.Z., Echeto, M.E., Ortega, C.R., Sarriés, A.G. and Erro, G.J., 2022, April. Clinical and social evaluation of depressed patients in a Psychogeriatric Day Hospital program. In Anales del sistema sanitario de Navarra (Vol. 45, No. 1, p. e0988).

Bendayan, R., Kraljevic, Z., Shaari, S., Das-Munshi, J., Leipold, L., Chaturvedi, J., Mirza, L., Aldelemi, S., Searle, T., Chance, N. and Mascio, A., 2022. Mapping multimorbidity in individuals with schizophrenia and bipolar disorders: evidence from the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust Biomedical Research Centre (SLAM BRC) case register. BMJ open, 12(1), p.e054414.

den Bleijker, N.M., van Schothorst, M.M.E., Hendriksen, I.J.M., Cahn, W., de Vries, N.K., van Harten, P.N. and Deenik, J., 2022. Effectiveness and implementation of a multidisciplinary lifestyle focused approach in the treatment of inpatients with mental illness (MULTI+): a stepped wedge study protocol. BMC psychiatry, 22(1), pp.1-11.

Branjerdporn, G., Robertson, J. and Dymond, A., 2022. Factors associated with Health of the Nation Outcomes Scales (HoNOS) in an acute young adult psychiatric unit. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 31(2), pp.313-325.

Butler, E., Pillinger, T., Brown, K., Borgan, F., Bowen, A., Beck, K., D'Ambrosio, E., Donaldson, L., Jauhar, S., Kaar, S. and Marques, T.R., 2022. Real-world clinical and cost-effectiveness of community clozapine initiation: mirror cohort study. The British Journal of Psychiatry, pp.1-8.

Chen, J., Perera, G., Shetty, H., Broadbent, M. and Stewart, R., 2022. Body mass index and mortality in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders: a cohort study in a South London catchment area. General Psychiatry, 35(e100819), pp.1-9.

Crook, H., Duffy, A., Nair, B. and Waters, R., 2022. Effectiveness of New Maternal Mental Health Service ‘Thrive’in the Treatment of PTSD Symptoms Arising From Birth Trauma and Perinatal Loss. BJPsych Open, 8(S1), pp.S132-S132.

Degli Esposti, M., Ziauddeen, H., Bowes, L., Reeves, A., Chekroud, A.M., Humphreys, D.K. and Ford, T., 2022. Trends in inpatient care for psychiatric disorders in NHS hospitals across England, 1998/99–2019/20: an observational time series analysis. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 57(5), pp.993-1006.

Drakonakis, N., Stylianidis, S., Peppou, L.E., Douzenis, A., Nikolaidi, S., Tzavara, C., Baladima, C.E., Iatropoulou, G.O., Psarra, V., Tsopanaki, E. and Barbato, A., 2022. Outcome of Voluntary vs Involuntary Admissions in Greece over 2 years after Discharge: A Cohort Study in the Psychiatric Hospital of Attica “Dafni”. Community Mental Health Journal, 58(4), pp.633-644.

Dunt, D.R., Day, S.E., Collister, L., Fogerty, B., Frankish, R., Castle, D.J., Hoppner, C., Stafrace, S., Sherwood, S., Newton, J.R. and Redston, S., 2022. Evaluation of a Housing First programme for people from the public mental health sector with severe and persistent mental illnesses and precarious housing: Housing, health and service use outcomes. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 56(3), pp.281-291.

Fonseca de Freitas, D., Agbedjro, D., Kadra-Scalzo, G., Francis, E., Ridler, I., Pritchard, M., Shetty, H., Segev, A., Casetta, C., Smart, S.E. and Morris, A., 2022. Clinical correlates of early onset antipsychotic treatment resistance. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 36(11), pp.1226-1233.

Fredriksen, K.J., Bartz-Johannessen, C., Schoeyen, H.K., Vaaler, A., Walby, F.A. and ten Velden Hegelstad, W., 2022. Imminent and short-term risk of death by suicide in 7,000 acutely admitted psychiatric inpatients. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 84(1), p.44587.

de Freitas, D.F., Patel, I., Kadra-Scalzo, G., Pritchard, M., Shetty, H., Broadbent, M., Patel, R., Downs, J., Segev, A., Khondoker, M. and MacCabe, J.H., 2022. Ethnic inequalities in clozapine use among people with treatment-resistant schizophrenia: a retrospective cohort study using data from electronic clinical records. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 57(7), pp.1341-1355.

Friedrich, M.E., Perera, G., Leutgeb, L., Haardt, D., Frey, R., Stewart, R. and Mueller, C., 2022. Predictors of hospital readmission for patients diagnosed with delirium: An electronic health record data analysis in South London. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica.

Gourley, T.R. and Yates, L., 2022. A review of recent clinical measures that can be used to support psychological therapies with adults with intellectual disabilities. Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities.

Gungabissoon, U., Perera, G., Galwey, N.W. and Stewart, R., 2022. Potentially avoidable causes of hospitalisation in people with dementia: contemporaneous associations by stage of dementia in a South London clinical cohort. BMJ open, 12(4), p.e055447.

Harris, M.G., Tapp, C., Arnautovska, U., Coombs, T., Dickson, R., James, M., Painter, J., Smith, M., Jury, A., Lai, J. and Burgess, P.M., 2022. Assessing the content validity of the revised Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS 2018). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(16), p.9895.

Hayes, D., Henderson, C., Bakolis, I., Lawrence, V., Elliott, R.A., Ronaldson, A., Richards, G., Repper, J., Bates, P., Brewin, J. and Meddings, S., 2022. Recovery Colleges Characterisation and Testing in England (RECOLLECT): rationale and protocol. BMC psychiatry, 22(1), pp.1-14.

Hofmann, A.B., Schmid, H.M., Hofmann, L.A., Noboa, V., Seifritz, E., Vetter, S. and Egger, S.T., 2022. Impact of compulsory admission on treatment and outcome: A propensity score matched analysis. European Psychiatry, 65(1).

Hustoft, K., Larsen, T.K., Brønnick, K., Joa, I., Johannessen, J.O. and Ruud, T., 2022. Psychiatric patients’ attitudes towards being hospitalized: a national multicentre study in Norway. BMC psychiatry, 22(1), p.726.

Jagadheesan, K., Das, P., Calleja, V., West, K., Castle, F., Ramsay, C., Baldwin, M. and Lakra, V., 2022. Assessment of Psychological Recovery Using STORI-30: A Naturalistic Study in a Recovery-focused Clinical Setting. Journal of Recovery in Mental Health Vol, 5(2).

Kadra-Scalzo, G., Fonseca de Freitas, D., Agbedjro, D., Francis, E., Ridler, I., Pritchard, M., Shetty, H., Segev, A., Casetta, C., Smart, S.E. and Morris, A., 2022. A predictor model of treatment resistance in schizophrenia using data from electronic health records. Plos one, 17(9), p.e0274864.

Kay, G., Kendall, E., Slattery, M., Scott, J., Gore-Jones, V. and Dark, F., 2022. Results from a quasi-controlled trial of a “Coping with Voices” group. Part 2. Psychosis, 14(3), pp.259-269.

Kinane, C., Osborne, J., Ishaq, Y., Colman, M. and MacInnes, D., 2022. Peer supported Open Dialogue in the National Health Service: implementing and evaluating a new approach to Mental Health Care. BMC psychiatry, 22(1), pp.1-13.

Kleijburg, A., Wijnen, B., Evers, S.M., Kroon, H. and Lokkerbol, J., 2022. (Cost)-effectiveness and implementation of integrated community-based care for patients with severe mental illness: a study protocol. BMC psychiatry, 22(1), pp.1-11.

Knorr, M., Hofmann, A.B., Miteva, D., Noboa, V., Rauen, K., Frauenfelder, F., Seifritz, E., Quednow, B.B., Vetter, S. and Egger, S.T., 2022. Relationship Between Time of Admission, Help-Seeking Behavior, and Psychiatric Outcomes:“From Dusk Till Dawn”. Frontiers in Psychiatry, p.578.

Lee, S., Jia, Y., Snitz, B.E., Chang, C.C.H. and Ganguli, M., 2022. Assessing Social Cognition in Older Adults: A Population-Based Study. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 30(4), pp.S88-S89.

Leuci, E., Pelizza, L., Landi, G., Quattrone, E., Maestri, D., Azzali, S., Pelosi, A., Ceroni, P., Soncini, C., Daolio, M.C. and Paulillo, G., 2022. Personal health budget in patients with first episode psychosis: A new rehabilitation model based on a community care system in Italy. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 16(3), pp.221-230.

Looi, J.C., Bastiampillai, T., Kisely, S.R. and Allison, S., 2022. How has private psychiatry in Australia responded to the COVID-19 pandemic?. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 56(5), pp428-429.

Looi, J.C., Bastiampillai, T., Pring, W., Kisely, S.R. and Allison, S., 2022. Private psychiatric hospital care in Australia: a descriptive analysis of casemix and outcomes. Australasian Psychiatry, 30(2), pp.174-178.

Looi, J.C., Pring, W., Allison, S. and Bastiampillai, T., 2022. Clinical update on psychiatric outcome measurement: what is the purpose, what is known and what should be done about it?. Australasian Psychiatry, p.10398562221092306.

Ma, R., Perera, G., Romano, E., Vancampfort, D., Koyanagi, A., Stewart, R., Mueller, C. and Stubbs, B., 2022. Predictors of falls and fractures leading to hospitalisation in 36 101 people with affective disorders: a large representative cohort study. BMJ open, 12(3), p.e055070.

Machingura, T., Shum, D., Lloyd, C., Murphy, K., Rathbone, E. and Green, H., 2022. Effectiveness of sensory modulation for people with schizophrenia: A multisite quantitative prospective cohort study. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal.

Martin-Iñigo, L., Ortiz, S., Urbano, D., Teba Pérez, S., Contaldo, S.F., Alvarós, J., Baladon, L., Parody-Rúa, E. and Rubio-Valera, M., 2022. Assessment of the efficacy of a Crisis Intervention Team (CIT): experience in the Esplugues Mental Health Center (Barcelona). Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, pp.1-9.

Martinez, D., Brodard, A., Silva, B., Diringer, O., Bonsack, C., Morandi, S. and Golay, P., 2022. Satisfaction and Perceived Coercion in Voluntary Hospitalisations: Impact of Past Coercive Experiences. Psychiatric Quarterly, pp.1-14.

Meixner, F., Kilian, R. and Müller-Stierlin, A., 2022. An approach to identify people with mental illness that can be expected to benefit from integrated community care in Germany. European Psychiatry, 65(S1), pp.S614-S614.

Mendlovic S, Roe D, Markusfeld G, Mainz J, Kristensen S, Goldzweig G. Exploring the relation between clinician ratings and patient-reported experience and outcomes. International Journal for Quality in Health Care. 2022 Apr;34(Supplement_1):ii98-104.

Miteva, D., Georgiadis, F., McBroom, L., Noboa, V., Quednow, B.B., Seifritz, E., Vetter, S. and Egger, S.T., 2022. Impact of language proficiency on mental health service use, treatment and outcomes:" Lost in Translation". Comprehensive Psychiatry, 114, p.152299.

Moyo, N., Jones, M., Dennis, S., Sharma, K. and Gray, R., 2022. The Association between Nursing Skill Mix and Patient Outcomes in a Mental Health Setting: Protocol for an Observational Feasibility Study. International journal of environmental research and public health, 19(7), p.4357.

Mueller-Stierlin, A., Meixner, F., Lehle, J. and Kilian, R., 2022. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and service use of people with severe mental illness. European Psychiatry, 65(S1), pp.S529-S530.

Mukherjee, H. and Sazhin, V., 2022. Predictors of functioning and clinical outcomes in inpatient with schizophrenia on clozapine augmented with antipsychotics. Australasian Psychiatry, 30(1), pp.100-104.

Nuzum, E., Hammoud, R., Spencer, T., Akande, I. and Tognin, S., 2022. No rest for the weary: Prevalence, impact and nature of sleep problems among young people at risk of psychosis. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 16(6), pp.651-658.

Opie, E., Werbeloff, N., Hayes, J., Osborn, D. and Pitman, A., 2022. Suicidality in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder and its association with receipt of specific secondary mental healthcare treatments. International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice, pp.1-10.

Parker, S., Arnautovska, U., Korman, N., Harris, M. and Dark, F., 2022. Comparative Effectiveness of Integrated Peer Support and Clinical Staffing Models for Community-Based Residential Mental Health Rehabilitation: A Prospective Observational Study. Community Mental Health Journal, pp.1-12.

Parmar, M., Ma, R., Attygalle, S., Mueller, C., Stubbs, B., Stewart, R. and Perera, G., 2022. Associations between loneliness and acute hospitalisation outcomes among patients receiving mental healthcare in South London: a retrospective cohort study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 57(2), pp.397-410.

Páv, M., Sebalo, I., Vňuková, M., Pabiánová, Š., Málová, V., Hollý, M. and Perkins, D., 2022. Predicting discharge from long-term forensic treatment: patients characteristics, protective factors, needs and treatment-related factors study in the Czechia. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 33(1), pp.89-111.

Páv, M., Vňuková, M. and Sebalo, I., 2022. Factors Affecting Length of Inpatient Forensic Stay: Retrospective Study From Czechia. Frontiers in psychiatry, 13.

Pec, O., Lysaker, P.H. and Bob, P., 2022. Basic symptoms of schizophrenia are related to symptoms of traumatic stress: A pivotal role of sensitization. An observational study. Medicine, 101(28), p.e29517.

Pelizza, L., Maestri, D., Leuci, E., Paulillo, G., Ceroni, P., Quattrone, E. and Pellegrini, P., 2022. Personal Health Budget: a new rehabilitation approach for severe mental illness within a caring community. European Psychiatry, 65(S1), pp.S246-S246.

Penzenstadler, L., Chatton, A., Soares, C., Machicao, D., Zullino, D. and Khazaal, Y., 2022. Predictors of Unplanned Readmissions Among Patients With Substance Use Disorders. Canadian Journal of Addiction, 13(1), pp.36-42.

Peppou, L.E., Drakonakis, N., Nikolaidi, S., Georgaca, E., Arvaniti, A. and Stylianidis, S., 2022. Rates and determinants of involuntary hospitalizations in Athens region: Are there any differences between psychiatric and general hospitals?. Psychiatry Research Communications, 2(2), p.100041.

Penington, E., Lennox, B., Geulayov, G., Hawton, K. and Tsiachristas, A., 2022. The early impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on patients with severe mental illness: An interrupted time-series study in South-East England. European Psychiatry, 65(1).

Rao, R., Mueller, C. and Broadbent, M., 2022. Risky alcohol consumption in older people before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom. Journal of Substance Use, 27(2), pp.212-217.

Ricchiuto, P., Impicci, S. and Schiano, M., Assessing the outcome of admissions: Pilot study in a High Intensity Psychiatric Residential Facility.

Robins, D.A., Grootendorst-van Mil, N.H., Chang, C.K., Chandran, D., Shetty, H., Sanyal, J., MacCabe, J.H., Cohen, H., Stewart, R., Schirmbeck, F. and de Haan, L., 2022. Prevalence and Correlates of Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms in Individuals With Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, or Bipolar Disorder. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 83(6), p.43025.

Roca-Lecumberri, A., Torres, A., Andrés, S., Naranjo, C., Roda, E., Lopez, C., Sureda, B., Solé, E., Imaz, M.L., Lera, S. and Mallorquí, A., 2022. New units for perinatal mental health disorders: Description of the first 150 dyads attended at Mother Baby Day Hospital CLINIC-BCN. Revista de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental.

Salvi, I., Bleibtreu, E. and Geissler, A., 2022. Analysis of the socio-demographic risk factors associated with mild, moderate, and severe dementia in the Swiss psychiatric hospital landscape. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 30(4), pp.S89-S90.

Samokhvalov, A., Levitt, E. and Mackillop, J., 2022. Measurement-Based Care in Treatment of Substance Use Disorders. European Psychiatry, 65(S1), pp.S614-S615.

Schandrin, A., Francey, S., Nguyen, L., Whitty, D., McGorry, P., Chanen, A.M. and O'Donoghue, B., 2022. Co‐occurring first‐episode psychosis and borderline personality pathology in an early intervention for psychosis cohort. Early Intervention in Psychiatry.

Schutter, N., Holwerda, T.J., Kuipers, H., Van, R.H., Stek, M.L., Comijs, H.C., Peen, J. and Dekker, J.J.M., 2022. The association between loneliness and psychiatric symptomatology in older psychiatric outpatients. Journal of geriatric psychiatry and neurology, 35(6), pp.778-788.

Seoane‐Bouzas, M., De‐Rosende‐Celeiro, I. and Meijide‐Failde, R., 2022. A pilot randomized controlled trial of aquatic‐based activities in a group occupational therapy program for adults living with serious mental illness in Spain. Health & Social Care in the Community, 30(4), pp.e1364-e1374.
Skar-Fröding, R., Clausen, H., Šaltytė Benth, J., Ruud, T., Slade, M. and S Heiervang, K., 2022. Associations between personal recovery and service user-rated versus clinician-rated clinical recovery, a cross-sectional study. BMC psychiatry, 22(1), pp.1-10.

Smits, H.J., Seelen‐de Lang, B.L., Penterman, E.J., Nijman, H.L. and Noorthoorn, E.O., 2022. Improvement in the quality of life of outpatients with severe mental illness in conjunction with intellectual disabilities and post‐traumatic stress disorder. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities.

Soldini, E., Alippi, M., Zufferey, M.C., Lisi, A., Lucchini, M., Albanese, E., Colombo, R.A., Rossa, S., Bolla, E., Mellacqua, Z.B. and Larghi, G., 2022. Effectiveness of crisis resolution home treatment for the management of acute psychiatric crises in Southern Switzerland: a natural experiment based on geography. BMC psychiatry, 22(1), pp.1-11.

Soni, N., Roberts, S. and Branjerdporn, G., 2022. Exploring discharge outcomes and readmission rates of mothers admitted to a psychiatric mother and baby unit. Psychiatric Quarterly, 93(1), pp.393-407.

Straccia, C., Gerber, F., Darbellay, B., Collet-Wagner, I., Lonchampt, S. and Kosel, M., 2022. Adaptation Process and Psychometric Properties of the French Version of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for People with Learning Disabilities. Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 15(1), pp.37-48.

Strømme, M.F., Bartz-Johannesen, C., Kroken, R.A., Mehlum, L. and Johnsen, E., 2022. Overactive, aggressive, disruptive and agitated behavior associated with the use of psychotropic medications in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 248, pp.35-41.

Stulz, N., Wyder, L. and Hepp, U., 2022. Is Home Treatment for Everyone? Characteristics of Patients Receiving Intensive Mental Health Care at Home. Community mental health journal, 58(2), pp.231-239.

Taylor, K.M., Orucu, E., Nandha, S. and Cella, M., 2022. Psychosis early intervention across the life span: a service perspective. Community mental health journal, pp.1-9.

Treagust, N., Sidhom, E., Lewis, J., Denman, C., Knutson, O. and Underwood, B.R., 2022. The epidemiology and clinical features of personality disorders in later life; a study of secondary care data. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 37(12).

Trustam, E., Chapman, P. and Shanahan, P., 2022. Making recovery meaningful for people with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 35(1), pp.252-260.

Usman, M., Saleem, F., Mccafferty, B., Tan, J.H.P., Zubir, M. and Adamis, D., 2022. Screen to Intervene; establishing a dedicated metabolic clinic for patients with chronic mental illness in an Irish Metal Health Service. European Psychiatry, 65(S1), pp.S198-S199.

Velayudhan, L., Cheung, W.Y., Perera, G., Stewart, R. and Mueller, C., 2022. The impact of the first COVID-19 lockdown on presentations with depressive symptoms in older people–an electronic health records study. International Psychogeriatrics, pp.1-3.

Verhagen, I., van der Heijden, R., de Jongh, A., Korzilius, H., Mevissen, L. and Didden, R., 2022. Safety, feasibility, and efficacy of EMDR therapy in adults with PTSD and mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning and mental health problems: a multiple baseline study. Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, pp.1-23.

White, C., Nash, L., Karageorge, A., van der Pol, R., Hunt, G.E., Hamilton, B. and Isobel, S., 2022. Bridging the gap: A new integrated early intervention service for young people with complex mental health issues. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 16(2), pp.186-194.

2021

Apio, M., Skalbania, W., Khan, M.A. and Lotsu, B., 2021. Characteristics and outcome indicators in a specialist inpatient intellectual disability unit: an independent sector experience. BJPsych Open, 7(S1), pp.S309-S309.

Barakat, A., Blankers, M., Cornelis, J.E., Van der Post, L., Lommerse, N.M., Beekman, A.T. and Dekker, J.J., 2021. Police encounters, agitation, diagnosis, and employment predict psychiatric hospitalisation of intensive home treatment patients during a psychiatric crisis. Frontiers in psychiatry, 12, p.602912.

Belvederi Murri, M., Bertelli, R., Carozza, P., Berardi, L., Cantarelli, L., Croce, E., Antenora, F., Curtarello, E.M.A., Simonelli, G., Recla, E. and Girotto, B., 2021. First‐episode psychosis in the Ferrara Mental Health Department: Incidence and clinical course within the first 2 years. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 15(6), pp.1738-1748.

Benassi, M., Ambrosini, F., Raggini, R., Piraccini, G. and Sant’Angelo, R., 2021. Neuropsychological profile and correlation with outcomes in patients admitted to spdc. European Psychiatry, 64(S1), pp.S134-S135.

Bendig, E., Küchler, A.M., Baumeister, H. and Becker, T., 2021. Blended Care in In-Patient Acute Psychiatric Care. The Example of a Group Training for Social Competences in Adults—A Pretest–Posttest Feasibility Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(18), p.9433.

Brann, P., Culjak, G., Kowalenko, N., Dickson, R., Coombs, T., Burgess, P., Williams, A.S., Hoehn, E. and Hoyland, M., 2021. Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Infants field trial: concurrent validity. BJPsych Open, 7(4), p.e129.

Brann, P., Culjak, G., Kowalenko, N., Dickson, R., Coombs, T., Williams, A.S., Hoehn, E., Davies, S., Hoyland, M. and Burgess, P., 2021. The interrater reliability of a routine outcome measure for infants and pre-schoolers aged under 48 months: Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Infants. BJPsych Open, 7(3), p.e85.

Bruins, J., Pijnenborg, G.H.M., Visser, E. and Castelein, S., 2021. The association of cannabis use with quality of life and psychosocial functioning in psychosis. Schizophrenia Research, 228, pp.229-234.

Cervin, M., Norris, L.A., Ginsburg, G., Gosch, E.A., Compton, S.N., Piacentini, J., Albano, A.M., Sakolsky, D., Birmaher, B., Keeton, C. and Storch, E.A., 2021. The p factor consistently predicts long-term psychiatric and functional outcomes in anxiety-disordered youth. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 60(7), pp.902-912.

Chaturvedi, J., Sabbah, W., Gallagher, J.E., Turner, J., Curl, C. and Stewart, R., 2021. Hospital admissions for dental disorders in patients with severe mental illness in Southeast London: A register‐based cohort study. European Journal of Oral Sciences, 129(1), p.e12752.

Chieze, M., Courvoisier, D., Kaiser, S., Wullschleger, A., Hurst, S., Bardet-Blochet, A., Ourahmoune, A. and Sentissi, O., 2021. Prevalence and risk factors for seclusion and restraint at Geneva’s adult psychiatric hospital in 2017. The European Journal of Psychiatry, 35(1), pp.24-32.

Cliffe, C., Pitman, A., Sedgwick, R., Pritchard, M., Dutta, R. and Rowe, S., 2021. Harm minimisation for the management of self-harm: a mixed-methods analysis of electronic health records in secondary mental healthcare. BJPsych open, 7(4), p.e116.
 

Cranshaw, J., Seneviratne, G., Rao, R., Ogunmuyiwa, J., McMillin, R., Ntephe, C. and Dain, V., 2021. The impact of COVID-19 on an inpatient mother and baby unit: a service evaluation. BJPsych open, 7(S1), pp.S316-S316.

Dhar, A., Edwards, L. and Waerea, M., 2021. A retrospective analysis comparing clinical outcome measures pre-and post-the introduction of telehealth in a community-based psychiatry clinic in a tertiary medical centre. BJPsych open, 7(S1), pp.S318-S319.

Farhall, J., Brophy, L., Reece, J., Tibble, H., Le, L.K.D., Mihalopoulos, C., Fletcher, J., Harvey, C., Morrisroe, E., Newton, R. and Sutherland, G., 2021. Outcomes of Victorian prevention and recovery care services: A matched pairs comparison. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 55(12), pp.1178-1190.

Fischer, C., Gyekye-Mensah, H., Pampaloni, I., Chandler, A., Govender, A. and Sibanda-Mbanga, J., 2021. A preliminary study into the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) scores of patients with obsessive compulsive disorder. BJPsych open, 7(S1), pp.S249-S250.

Gale, T.M. and Boland, B., 2021. COVID-19 deaths in a secondary mental health service. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 111, p.152277.

Gehri, B., Bachnick, S., Schwendimann, R. and Simon, M., 2021. Matching Registered Nurse Services With Changing Care Demands in Psychiatric Hospitals: Protocol for a Multicenter Observational Study (MatchRN Psychiatry Study). JMIR Research Protocols, 10(8), p.e26700.

Giannaki, R. and Hewitt, O., 2021. A multiple methods evaluation of a cognitive behavioural therapy group for people with learning disabilities and anxiety. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 49(1), pp.87-99.

Goel, C., Shafi, R.M., Conner, A.J., Waters, F., Croarkin, P.E. and McGorry, P., 2021. A retrospective evaluation of a pilot youth community assessment and treatment service. Psychiatric Services, 72(4), pp.415-420.

Gühne, U., Pabst, A., Löbner, M., Breilmann, J., Hasan, A., Falkai, P., Kilian, R., Allgöwer, A., Ajayi, K., Baumgärtner, J. and Brieger, P., 2021. Employment status and desire for work in severe mental illness: results from an observational, cross-sectional study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 56, pp.1657-1667.

Harris, M.G., Tapp, C., Arnautovska, U., Coombs, T., Dickson, R., Smith, M., Jury, A., Lai, J., James, M., Painter, J. and Burgess, P.M., 2021. Assessing the content validity of the revised Health of the Nation Outcome Scales 65+: the HoNOS Older Adults. BJPsych Bulletin, pp.1-8.

Higham, L., Girardi, A. and Edwards, H.V., 2021. Clinical and criminal profile of internet offenders with ASD. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour.

Hollier, T.M., Frost, B.G., Michie, P.T., Lewin, T.J. and Sly, K.A., 2021. Improvements in Hope, Engagement and Functioning Following a Recovery-Focused Sub-Acute Inpatient Intervention: a Six-Month Evaluation. Psychiatric Quarterly, 92(4), pp.1611-1634.

Hong, J.S., Sheriff, R., Smith, K., Tomlinson, A., Saad, F., Smith, T., Engelthaler, T., Phiri, P., Henshall, C., Ede, R. and Denis, M., 2021. Impact of COVID-19 on telepsychiatry at the service and individual patient level across two UK NHS mental health Trusts. BMJ Ment Health, 24(4), pp.161-166.

Irvine, A., Rawlinson, C., Bor, W. and Hoehn, E., 2021. Evaluation of a collaborative group intervention for mothers with moderate to severe perinatal mental illness and their infants in Australia. Infant Mental Health Journal, 42(4), pp.560-572.

Ismail, H., 2021. Duration of hospital admission in severe mental illness: is longer better?. BJPsych Advances, 27(4), pp.213-218.

Jones, C.I., Bremner, S., Hooper, R., Gu, J., Bartl, G. and Greenwood, K., 2021. Statistical analysis plan for the Early Youth Engagement in first episode psychosis (EYE-2) study: a pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial of implementation, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a team-based motivational engagement intervention to improve engagement. Trials, 22, pp.1-8.

Kadra-Scalzo, G., Garland, J., Miller, S., Chang, C.K., Fok, M., Hayes, R.D., Moran, P., Shetty, H., Young, A.H. and Stewart, R., 2021. Comparing psychotropic medication prescribing in personality disorder between general mental health and psychological services: retrospective cohort study. BJPsych Open, 7(2), p.e72.

Kung, B., Chiang, M., Perera, G., Pritchard, M. and Stewart, R., 2021. Identifying subtypes of depression in clinician-annotated text: a retrospective cohort study. Scientific reports, 11(1), p.22426.

Kuruppu, S., Ghani, M., Pritchard, M., Harris, M., Weerakkody, R., Stewart, R. and Perera, G., 2021. A prospective investigation of depression and adverse outcomes in patients undergoing vascular surgical interventions: A retrospective cohort study using a large mental health database in South London. European Psychiatry, 64(1), p.e13.

Lamb, D., Steare, T., Marston, L., Canaway, A., Johnson, S., Kirkbride, J.B., Lloyd-Evans, B., Morant, N., Pinfold, V., Smith, D. and Weich, S., 2021. A comparison of clinical outcomes, service satisfaction and well-being in people using acute day units and crisis resolution teams: cohort study in England. BJPsych Open, 7(2), p.e68.

Lay, B., Roser, P. and Kawohl, W., 2021. Inpatient treatment of people with schizophrenia: quantifying clinical change using the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales. Schizophrenia Bulletin Open, 2(1), p.sgab030.
 

Leijala, J., Kampman, O., Suvisaari, J. and Eskelinen, S., 2021. Daily functioning and symptom factors contributing to attitudes toward antipsychotic treatment and treatment adherence in outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. BMC psychiatry, 21(1), pp.1-11.

Lequin, P., Golay, P., Herrera, F., Brisard, M.A. and Conus, P., 2021. Recovering the Capacity to Live outside of a Psychiatric Hospital: Impact of a Specialized Inpatient Program. Psychiatric Quarterly, 92, pp.751-759.

Lonchampt, S., Gerber, F., Aubry, J.M., Desmeules, J., Kosel, M. and Besson, M., 2021. Prevalence of polypharmacy and inappropriate medication in adults with intellectual disabilities in a hospital setting in Switzerland. Frontiers in psychiatry, 12, p.614825.

Macdonald, A., Adamis, D., Broadbent, M., Craig, T., Stewart, R. and Murray, R.M., 2021. Continuity of care and mortality in people with schizophrenia. BJPsych Open, 7(4), p.e127.

Mascio, A., Stewart, R., Botelle, R., Williams, M., Mirza, L., Patel, R., Pollak, T., Dobson, R. and Roberts, A., 2021. Cognitive impairments in schizophrenia: a study in a large clinical sample using natural language processing. Frontiers in digital health, 3, p.711941.

Matta, G., Longhitano, C., Husodo, C. and McDermott, B., 2021. Mental health service provision in rural Australia: a regional town–city comparison of two continuing care teams. Australasian Psychiatry, 29(2), pp.119-123.

Mauritz, M.W., van Gaal, B.G., Goossens, P.J., Jongedijk, R.A. and Vermeulen, H., 2021. Treating patients with severe mental illness with narrative exposure therapy for comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder. BJPsych Open, 7(1), p.e12.

Mirza, L., Das-Munshi, J., Chaturvedi, J., Wu, H., Kraljevic, Z., Searle, T., Shaari, S., Mascio, A., Skiada, N., Roberts, A. and Bean, D., 2021. Investigating the association between physical health comorbidities and disability in individuals with severe mental illness. European Psychiatry, 64(1), p.e77.

Mötteli, S., Jäger, M., Hepp, U., Wyder, L., Vetter, S., Seifritz, E. and Stulz, N., 2021. Home treatment for acute mental healthcare: who benefits most?. Community mental health journal, 57, pp.828-835.

Mueller, C., John, C., Perera, G., Aarsland, D., Ballard, C. and Stewart, R., 2021. Antipsychotic use in dementia: the relationship between neuropsychiatric symptom profiles and adverse outcomes. European journal of epidemiology, 36, pp.89-101.

Nicaise, P., Bourmorck, D., De Pau, M., Vander Laenen, F., Vanderplasschen, W. and Lorant, V., 2021. Are Mentally Disordered Offenders Admitted to Appropriate Secure Settings according to Security Needs? A Cross Sectional Study in Belgium. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 21(3), pp.307-319.

Noorthoorn, E.O., Smits, H.J.H., Penterman, E.J.M., Seelen-de Lang, B.L., Nieuwenhuis, J.G. and Nijman, H.L.I., 2021. The associations of quality of life and general functioning with trauma, borderline intellectual functioning and mild intellectual disability in outpatients with serious mental illness. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 115, p.103988.

Nusselder, K.J., Nabitz, U., Jalink, M. and Peen, J., 2021. Treatment effect of an urban acute psychiatric clinic: a prospective cohort study. Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie, 63(9), pp.614-622.

Nyttingnes, O., Šaltytė Benth, J. and Ruud, T., 2021. Patient-controlled admission contracts: a longitudinal study of patient evaluations. BMC Health Services Research, 21(1), pp.1-13.

O'Connor, J. and Katyal, R., 2021. Perinatal mental health outcome measures in a mother and baby unit. BJPsych Open, 7(S1), pp.S96-S97

O'Driscoll, C., Shaikh, M., Finamore, C., Platt, B., Pappa, S. and Saunders, R., 2021. Profiles and trajectories of mental health service utilisation during early intervention in psychosis. Schizophrenia Research, 237, pp.47-53.

Omranifard, V., Abounoori, M., Babakhanian, M., Ebrahimi, A., Akouchekian, S., Shafiei, K. and Khosravifar, S., 2021. Translation and psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Elderly People (HoNOS65+). Aging Medicine, 4(2), pp.135-145.

Parker, S., Arnautovska, U., McKeon, G. and Kisely, S., 2021. The association between discontinuation of community treatment orders and outcomes in the 12-months following discharge from residential mental health rehabilitation. International journal of law and psychiatry, 74, p.101664.
 
Parmar, M., Ma, R., Attygalle, S., Mueller, C., Stubbs, B., Stewart, R. and Perera, G., 2021. Associations between loneliness and acute hospitalisation outcomes among patients receiving mental healthcare in South London: a retrospective cohort study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, pp.1-14.

 

Pec, O., Bob, P., Pec, J. and Ludvikova, I., 2021. Psychodynamic day treatment program for borderline personality disorder: factors that predict outcome and dropout: An observational study. Medicine, 100(11).

Pelizza, L., Leuci, E., Landi, G., Maestri, D., Paulillo, G., Ceroni, P., Soncini, C., Daolio, M.C., Quattrone, E. and Pellegrini, P., 2021. Personal Health Budget as a new rehabilitation model for severe mental illness within a caring community: An Italian evaluation study of beneficial effects. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 55(6), pp.602-612.

Penas, P., Uriarte, J.J., Gorbeña, S., Slade, M., Moreno-Calvete, M.C. and Iraurgi, I., 2021. Discrepancy between experience and importance of recovery components in the symptomatic and recovery perceptions of people with severe mental disorders. BMC psychiatry, 21(1), p.277.

Penzenstadler, L., Chatton, A., Thorens, G., Zullino, D. and Khazaal, Y., 2021. Factors influencing the length of hospital stay of patients with substance use disorders. Journal of Substance Use, 26(1), pp.48-52.

Peppou, L.E., Drakonakis, N. and Stylianidis, S., 2021. Prevalence and risk factors of compulsory admissions in athens region: Are there any differences between psychiatric and general hospitals?. European Psychiatry, 64(S1), pp.S390-S390.

Quevedo, R.P., de Jongh, A., Bouwmeester, S. and Didden, R., 2021. EMDR therapy for PTSD symptoms in patients with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning and comorbid psychotic disorder: A case series. Research in developmental disabilities, 117, p.104044.

Rao, M.G., Das, P., Jagadheesan, K. and Lakra, V., 2021. Characteristics and Clinical Outcomes of Patients Attending a Victorian Metropolitan Crisis Intervention Team. World Social Psychiatry, 3(1), p.22.

Rasulov, A.R., 2021. The effectiveness of psychiatric rehabilitation of in-patients with schizophrenia. Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni SS Korsakova, 121(2), pp.13-17.

Russell, M., Soong, W., Nicholls, C., Griffiths, J., Curtis, K., Follett, D., Smith, W. and Waters, F., 2021. Homelessness youth and mental health service utilization: A long‐term follow‐up study. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 15(3), pp.563-568.

Ryland, H., Cook, J., Fitzpatrick, R. and Fazel, S., 2021. Ten outcome measures in forensic mental health: A survey of clinician views on comprehensiveness, ease of use and relevance. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 31(6), pp.372-386.
 
Sekharan, L., Jagadheesan, K., Das, P., Lakra, V., West, K. and Baldwin, M., 2021. Short-term and 1-year outcome of patients’ with borderline personality admitted to a short-term recovery-oriented residential service. Australasian Psychiatry, 29(6), pp.581-585.

Silva, B., Gholam, M., Golay, P., Bonsack, C. and Morandi, S., 2021. Predicting involuntary hospitalization in psychiatry: A machine learning investigation. European Psychiatry, 64(1), p.e48.

Siskind, D., Dark, F., Carney, K., Gore-Jones, V., Kar Ray, M., Steginga, A., Suetani, S. and Kisely, S., 2021. Placing rehabilitation at the core of assertive community treatment. Australasian Psychiatry, 29(1), pp.47-51.

Smith, M., Pauley, G., Baxendine, S., Thomas, C., Hutt, A., Tapsell, R. and Woodcock, R., 2021. Case Study: How data can help with understanding the high numbers of people using a mental health inpatient unit. New Zealand Journal of Psychology (Online), 50(1), pp.13-22.

Tan, S.X., Cameron, S.C., Sam, L.M., Eigeland, H., Hay, K., Eeles, E. and Natarajan, K., 2021. A delicate balance: Psychotropic polypharmacy and anti‐cholinergic use are correlated with fall incidence in Australian inpatients with dementia. Aging Medicine, 4(3), pp.193-200.

Towicz, M., Yang, W.X., Moylan, S., Tindall, R. and Berk, M., 2021. Hospital-in-the-home as a model for mental health care delivery: a narrative review. Psychiatric Services, 72(12), pp.1415-1427.
Vázquez-Bourgon, J., Ruiz, E.G., Zatón, F.H., Carulla, L.S., Arriola, R.A., Gutiérrez, D.T. and Facorro, B.C., 2021. Differences between psychiatric disorders in the clinical and functional effectiveness of an acute psychiatric day hospital, for acutely ill psychiatric patients. Revista de Psiquiatría y Salud Mental (English Edition), 14(1), pp.40-49. 
Verheesen, S.M., Ten Doesschate, F., van Schijndel, M.A., van der Gaag, R.J., Cahn, W. and van Waarde, J.A., 2021. Intoxicated persons showing challenging behavior demand complexity interventions: a pilot study at the interface of the ER and the complexity intervention unit. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 271, pp.903-913.
 

Wambua, G.N., Kumar, M., Falkenström, F. and Cuijpers, P., 2021. Routine outcome measurement in adolescents seeking mental health services: standardization of HoNOSCA in Kenyan sample. BMC psychiatry, 21(1), pp.1-7.

Werbeloff, N., Hilge Thygesen, J., Hayes, J.F., Viding, E.M., Johnson, S. and Osborn, D.P., 2021. Childhood sexual abuse in patients with severe mental Illness: Demographic, clinical and functional correlates. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 143(6), pp.495-502.

Wesley, E.W., Kadra-Scalzo, G., Pritchard, M., Shetty, H., Broadbent, M., Segev, A., Patel, R., Downs, J., MacCabe, J.H., Hayes, R.D. and de Freitas, D.F., 2021. Gender disparities in clozapine prescription in a cohort of treatment-resistant schizophrenia in the South London and Maudsley case register. Schizophrenia Research, 232, pp.68-76.

Yeung, M., MacFarland, K., Mlilo, V., Dean, N. and Underwood, B.R., 2021. Patients with young-onset dementia in an older people's mental health service. BJPsych Bulletin, 45(2), pp.81-86.

2020

Alessandrini, M., Montemitro, C., Baroni, G., Alessi, M.C., Di Natale, C., Sociali, A., Di Carlo, F., Tambelli, A., Fraticelli, S. and di Giannantonio, M., Combined pharmacological and psychosocial interventions in resistant schizophrenic patients: what should be the main outcome? Clinical suggestions from a literature review. Evidence based Psychiatric Care, 6, p.112.

Bender, K.G., 2020. The meagre outcomes of HoNOS. Australasian Psychiatry, 28(2), pp.206-209.

Boland, B. and Gale, T., 2020. Mental and behavioural disorders and COVID-19-associated death in older people. BJPsych Open, 6(5), p.e101.

Clifford, A. and Kemp, F.G., 2020. A pragmatic mixed-methods review of changing “case-complexity” of referrals to an intensive support service. Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, 14(3), pp.111-124.

Dean, N.J., Arnaoutoglou, N. and Underwood, B.R., 2020. Effectiveness of treatment for 6813 patients with mental health conditions in Cambridgeshire: a cross-sectional study. BJPsych open, 6(2), p.e30.

Dvorakova, M. and Kondratova, L., 2020. S226. Development of early detection and early intervention services within psychiatric care in the Czech Republic. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 46(Suppl 1), p.S125.

Egger, S.T., Bobes, J., Theodoridou, A., Seifritz, E. and Vetter, S., 2020. Assessing the severity of psychiatric disorders using the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales: An equipercentile linking analysis. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 54(12), pp.1192-1199.

Fontecedro, E., Furlan, M., Tossut, D., Pascolo-Fabrici, E., Balestrieri, M., Salvador-Carulla, L., D’avanzo, B. and Castelpietra, G., 2020. Individual health budgets in mental health: results of its implementation in the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region, Italy. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(14), p.5017.

Frizi, R., Lay, B., Seifritz, E., Kawohl, W., Habermeyer, B. and Roser, P., 2020. Sociodemographic and clinical predictors of the length of psychiatric inpatient stay of immigrants in Switzerland. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, p.585798.

Fusar-Poli, P., Lai, S., Di Forti, M., Iacoponi, E., Thornicroft, G., McGuire, P. and Jauhar, S., 2020. Early intervention services for first episode of psychosis in South London and the Maudsley (SLAM): 20 years of care and research for young people. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, p.577110.

Fusar-Poli, P., Spencer, T., De Micheli, A., Curzi, V., Nandha, S. and McGuire, P., 2020. Outreach and support in South-London (OASIS) 2001—2020: Twenty years of early detection, prognosis and preventive care for young people at risk of psychosis. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 39, pp.111-122.

Gaupp, R., Walter, M., Bader, K., Benoy, C. and Lang, U.E., 2020. A two-day acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) workshop increases presence and work functioning in healthcare workers. Frontiers in psychiatry, 11, p.861.

Guerriero, C., Vecchi, C., Baldon, G., Di Tullio, E., Gambaro, E., Gramaglia, C., Marangon, D. and Zeppegno, P., Evidence based Psychiatric Care.

Habets, P., Jeandarme, I. and Kennedy, H.G., 2020. Determining security level in forensic psychiatry: a tug of war between the DUNDRUM toolkit and the HoNOS-Secure. Psychology, Crime & Law, 26(9), pp.868-886.
Hariman, K., Lam, J., Leung, S.K. and Lui, S.S., 2020. Clinical risk model to predict 28-day unplanned readmission via the accident and emergency department after discharge from acute psychiatric units for patients with psychotic spectrum disorders. BJPsych open, 6(1), p.e13.

Lund-Heimark, H., Kjelby, E., Mehlum, L., Gjestad, R., Selbæk, G., Kroken, R.A., Johnsen, E., Oedegaard, K.J. and Mellesdal, L.S., 2020. Elderly patients with no previous psychiatric history: suicidality and other factors relating to psychiatric acute admissions. BJPsych open, 6(4), p.e63.

McDonald, K., Smith, T., Broadbent, M., Patel, R., Geddes, J.R. and Saunders, K.E., 2020. Prevalence and incidence of clinical outcomes in patients presenting to secondary mental health care with mood instability and sleep disturbance. European Psychiatry, 63(1), p.e59.

Mueller, C., John, C., Perera, G., Aarsland, D., Ballard, C. and Stewart, R., 2020. Antipsychotic use in dementia: The relationship between neuropsychiatric symptom profiles and adverse outcomes: Epidemiology/Risk and protective factors in MCI and dementia. Alzheimer's & Dementia, 16, p.e039145.

Neijmeijer, L., Korzilius, H., Kroon, H., Nijman, H. and Didden, R., 2020. Flexible assertive community treatment for individuals with mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning: client variables associated with treatment outcome. Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, 14(6), pp.199-212.

Noiscelly, G., 2020. Uji Validitas dan Reliabilitas Instrumen Health of the Nation Outcome Scale (HoNOS) versi Bahasa Indonesia= The Indonesian Validity dan Reliability Study Towards Health of the Nation Outcome Scale (HoNOS).

Nyttingnes, O. and Ruud, T., 2020. When patients decide the admission–a four year pre-post study of changes in admissions and inpatient days following patient controlled admission contracts. BMC Health Services Research, 20(1), pp.1-10.

O’connell, N., Watson, G., Grey, C., Pastena, R., McKeown, K. and David, A.S., 2020. Outpatient CBT for motor functional neurological disorder and other neuropsychiatric conditions: a retrospective case comparison. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 32(1), pp.58-66.

Parker, S., Arnautovska, U., Siskind, D., Dark, F., McKeon, G., Korman, N. and Harris, M., 2020. Community-care unit model of residential mental health rehabilitation services in Queensland, Australia: predicting outcomes of consumers 1-year post discharge. Epidemiology and psychiatric sciences, 29, p.e109.

Pelizza, L., Leuci, E., Landi, G., Quattrone, E., Azzali, S., Pelosi, A., Ceroni, P., Soncini, C., Daolio, M.C., Dall’Aglio, R. and Paulillo, G., 2020. The “Personal Health Budget” intervention model in early psychosis: preliminary findings from the Parma experience. J Psychopathol, 26, pp.209-17.

Petrochilos, P., Elmalem, M.S., Patel, D., Louissaint, H., Hayward, K., Ranu, J. and Selai, C., 2020. Outcomes of a 5-week individualised MDT outpatient (day-patient) treatment programme for functional neurological symptom disorder (FNSD). Journal of neurology, 267, pp.2655-2666.

Petrochilos, P., Elmalem, M., Selai, C., Patel, D., Hayward, K., Ranu, J. and Louissaint, H., 2020. 16 Outcomes of a novel 5-week individualized multidisciplinary outpatient (day-patient) treatment programme for functional (psychogenic) neurological symptoms.
Smits, H.J.H., Seelen-de Lang, B.L., Nijman, H.L.I., Penterman, E.J.M., Nieuwenhuis, J.G. and Noorthoorn, E.O., 2020. The predictive value of mild intellectual disability/borderline intellectual functioning and ptsd for treatment results in severely mentally Ill patients. Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie, 62(10), pp.868-877.

Solmi, M., Campeol, M., Gentili, F., Favaro, A. and Cremonese, C., 2020. Clinical presentation and need for treatment of a cohort of subjects accessing to a mental illness prevention service. Research in Psychotherapy: Psychopathology, Process, and Outcome, 23(1).

Stulz, N., Wyder, L., Maeck, L., Hilpert, M., Lerzer, H., Zander, E., Kawohl, W., Grosse Holtforth, M., Schnyder, U. and Hepp, U., 2020. Home treatment for acute mental healthcare: randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 216(6), pp.323-330.

Sutherland, G., Harvey, C., Tibble, H., Spittal, M.J., Farhall, J., Fletcher, J., Meadows, G., Newton, J.R., Vine, R. and Brophy, L., 2020. Similarities and differences in people accessing prevention and recovery care services and inpatient units in Victoria, Australia. BMC Health Services Research, 20, pp.1-11.

Turton, R., 2020. An exploratory factor analysis of HONOS-LD scales. Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, 14(2), pp.33-44.

Veereschild, H.M., Noorthoorn, E.O., Nijman, H.L.I., Mulder, C.L., Dankers, M., Van der Veen, J.A., Loonen, A.J.M. and Hutschemaekers, G.J.M., 2020. Diagnose, indicate, and treat severe mental illness (DITSMI) as appropriate care: a three-year follow-up study in long-term residential psychiatric patients on the effects of re-diagnosis on medication prescription, patient functioning, and hospital bed utilization. European Psychiatry, 63(1), p.e47.

2019

Alderman, N., Pink, A.E., Williams, C., da Silva Ramos, S., Oddy, M., Knight, C., Jenkins, K.G., Barnes, M.P. and Hayward, C., 2019. Optimizing measurement for neurobehavioural rehabilitation services: A multisite comparison study and response to UKROC. Neuropsychological rehabilitation.

Anjara, S., Bonetto, C., Brayne, C. and Van Bortel, T., 2019. Evaluating the Clinical Cost-effectiveness of Two Primary Mental Health Service Frameworks in Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Anjara, S.G., Bonetto, C., Ganguli, P., Setiyawati, D., Mahendradhata, Y., Yoga, B.H., Trisnantoro, L., Brayne, C. and Van Bortel, T., 2019. Can General Practitioners manage mental disorders in primary care? A partially randomised, pragmatic, cluster trial. PLoS One, 14(11), p.e0224724.

Barbalat, G., van den Bergh, D. and Kossakowski, J.J., 2019. Outcome measurement in mental health services: insights from symptom networks. BMC psychiatry, 19(1), pp.1-9.

Baskaran, M., Jayasudha, A., Saravanakala, S., Sasikumar, S., Mathew, S.A., Sherin Farhana, S. and Steffie Jose, P., 2019. Activity based Group Therapy on Interpersonal Relationship among the Mentally Ill Clients in Selected halfway home, Coimbatore. International Journal of Psychiatric Nursing, 5(1), pp.35-39.

Böckmann, V., Lay, B., Seifritz, E., Kawohl, W., Roser, P. and Habermeyer, B., 2019. Patient-level predictors of psychiatric readmission in substance use disorders. Frontiers in psychiatry, 10, p.828.

Boon, A.E., de Boer, S.B., van Dorp, M. and Nijssen, Y.A., 2019. Reliable and clinically significant change based on the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales. Psychiatry Research, 281, p.112587.

Butt, M.F., Walls, D. and Bhattacharya, R., 2019. Do patients get better? A review of outcomes from a crisis house and home treatment team partnership. BJPsych bulletin, 43(3), pp.106-111.

Camilla, V., 2019. Addictive Behavior in Immigrant Psychiatric Inpatients: the Immigrant Paradox Failure. Zdravstveni glasnik, 5(1), pp.13-23.

Cho, J., Hayes, R.D., Jewell, A., Kadra, G., Shetty, H., MacCabe, J.H. and Downs, J., 2019. Clozapine and all‐cause mortality in treatment‐resistant schizophrenia: a historical cohort study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 139(3), pp.237-247.

De Page, L., Boulanger, M., Bréart, M., Depuydt, A., Palmers, P., Salsac, C., Vandenbussche, S., Zaarour, Z. and Titeca, P., 2019. HoNOS-Secure in a Belgian Community and Forensic Patients with Psychotic Disorders. Journal of Forensic Psychology Research and Practice, 19(5), pp.341-358.

Di Lorenzo, R., Olmi, T., Rioli, G., Galeazzi, G.M. and Ferri, P., 2019. Factors associated with long-stays in an Italian psychiatric intensive treatment facility: 1-year retrospective observational analysis. Psychiatric Quarterly, 90, pp.185-196.

Fan, C.W., 2019. Correlations Between Overall Health Status and Occupational Participation in Forensic Clients. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 73(4_Supplement_1), pp.7311500028p1-7311500028p1.

Ferrara, M., Tedeschini, E., Baccari, F., Musella, V., Vacca, F., Mazzi, F., Ferri, M., Srihari, V., Starace, F. and Early Psychosis Working Group, 2019. Early intervention service for first episode psychosis in Modena, northern Italy: The first hundred cases. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 13(4), pp.1011-1017.
Franklin, M., Mukuria, C., Mulhern, B., Tran, I., Brazier, J. and Watson, S., 2019. Measuring the burden of schizophrenia using clinician and patient-reported measures: an exploratory analysis of construct validity. The Patient-Patient-Centered Outcomes Research, 12, pp.405-417.

Gale, T.M. and Boland, B., 2019. A model for predicting missing items on the Health of the Nation Outcome Scale (HoNOS). Comprehensive Psychiatry, 93, pp.61-64.

Gore‐Jones, V. and Dark, F., 2019. Key performance indicators and administrative data in an early psychosis service. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 13(2), pp.322-327.

Hewitt, O., Atkinson‐Jones, K., Gregory, H. and Hollyman, J., 2019. What happens next? A 2‐year follow‐up study into the outcomes and experiences of an adapted Dialectical Behaviour Therapy skills training group for people with intellectual disabilities. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 47(2), pp.126-133.

Hodgson, R.E., 2019. Evaluating the cost and clinical effectiveness of long-acting, injectable aripiprazole and paliperidone palmitate once a month in a real-world setting. ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research, pp.517-524.

Jansen, L., Hunnik, F., Busschbach, J.J.V. and Lijmer, J.G., 2019. Measuring outcomes on a Medical Psychiatric Unit: HoNOS, CANSAS and costs. Psychiatry Research, 280, p.112526.

Jeandarme, I. and Habets, P., 2019. Determining security need in forensic psychiatric patients: HoNOS-Secure and DUNDRUM-1. Tijdschrift voor psychiatrie, 61(7), pp.455-463.

Jury, A., Lai, J., Tuason, C., Koning, A., Smith, M., Boyd, L., Swanson, C., Fergusson, D. and Gruar, A., 2019. People who experience seclusion in adult mental health inpatient services: An examination of health of the nation outcome scales scores. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 28(1), pp.199-208.

Kennedy, H.G., O’Reilly, K., Davoren, M., O’Flynn, P. and O’Sullivan, O.P., 2019. How to measure progress in forensic care. Long-Term Forensic Psychiatric Care: Clinical, Ethical and Legal Challenges, pp.103-121.

Kingdon, D., 2019. Outcome-based providing and commissioning: pathways and standards. BJPsych Bulletin, 43(6), pp.282-286.

Kingdon, D., 2019. Care programme approach–time to move beyond?. BJPsych Bulletin, 43(3), pp.101-103.

Kortrijk, H.E., Mulder, N.L., Kamperman, A.M. and van Weeghel, J., 2019. Employment rates in flexible assertive community treatment teams in the Netherlands: an observational study. Community mental health journal, 55, pp.350-359.

Kortrijk, H., Schaefer, B., van Weeghel, J., Mulder, C.L. and Kamperman, A., 2019. Trajectories of patients with severe mental illness in two-year contact with flexible assertive community treatment teams using routine outcome monitoring data: an observational study. PloS one, 14(1), p.e0207680.

Lai, J., Jury, A., Long, J., Fergusson, D., Smith, M., Baxendine, S. and Gruar, A., 2019. Variation in seclusion rates across New Zealand's specialist mental health services: Are sociodemographic and clinical factors influencing this?. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 28(1), pp.288-296.

Lee, A. and Choo, C.C., 2019. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Schizophrenia. Clinical Psychology Casebook Across the Lifespan, pp.41-44.
Lei, H., Barnicot, K., Maynard, E., Etherington, A., Zalewska, K., Quirk, A., Sanatinia, R., Cooper, S.J. and Crawford, M.J., 2019. Factors influencing use of community treatment orders and quality of care that people receive: results of a national survey in England and Wales. BJPsych Bulletin, 43(5), pp.227-235.

Leniz, J., Higginson, I.J., Stewart, R. and Sleeman, K.E., 2019. Understanding which people with dementia are at risk of inappropriate care and avoidable transitions to hospital near the end-of-life: a retrospective cohort study. Age and ageing, 48(5), pp.672-679.

Liddiard, K., Morgan, S.L., Hill, C. and Simmonds, A., 2019. Service evaluation of the need for care and clinical risk management procedures using the Health of the Nation Outcome Scale (HoNOS) secure. Journal of Forensic Practice, 21(1), pp.61-70.

Lorant, V., Grard, A., Van Audenhove, C., Leys, M. and Nicaise, P., 2019. Effectiveness of health and social service networks for severely mentally ill patients’ outcomes: A case–control study. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 46, pp.288-297.

Macdonald, A., Adamis, D., Craig, T. and Murray, R., 2019. Continuity of care and clinical outcomes in the community for people with severe mental illness. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 214(5), pp.273-278.

Martín-Pérez, C., Herrero-Martin, J.J., Pérez-López, G., Pedrosa-García, R., Ibañez-Casas, I., Torres-González, F. and Moreno-Küstner, B., 2019. Severe Mental Illness in Community Mental Health Care in Spain: Prevalence and Related Factors. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 207(2), pp.106-111.

Muehsam, J.P., 2019. Association between clinical observations and a mobile crisis team’s level of care recommendations. Community Mental Health Journal, 55, pp.394-400.

Neijmeijer, L.J., Korzilius, H.P.L.M., Kroon, H., Nijman, H.L.I. and Didden, R., 2019. Flexible assertive community treatment for individuals with a mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning: results of a longitudinal study in the Netherlands. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 63(8), pp.1015-1022.

Parker, S., Siskind, D., Hermens, D.F., Dark, F., McKeon, G., Korman, N., Arnautovska, U., Harris, M. and Whiteford, H., 2019. A comprehensive cohort description and statistical grouping of community-based residential rehabilitation service users in Australia. Frontiers in psychiatry, 10, p.798.

Peritogiannis, V., Grammeniati, A., Gogou, A., Gioti, P. and Mavreas, V., 2019. Very long-term outcome of community-dwelling patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders in rural Greece. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 207(12), pp.1012-1018.

Reilly, J., McDermott, B. and Dillon, J., 2019. Standardized drug and alcohol questions at admission to an acute adult mental health unit: clarifying the burden of dual diagnoses across a five-year period. Australasian Psychiatry, 27(3), pp.270-274.

Rensen, Y.C., Egger, J.I., Westhoff, J., Walvoort, S.J. and Kessels, R.P., 2019. The effect of errorless learning on psychotic and affective symptoms, as well as aggression and apathy in patients with Korsakoff's syndrome in long-term care facilities. International psychogeriatrics, 31(1), pp.39-47.

Richardson, T., Dasyam, B., Courtney, H., White, L., Tedbury, J., Butt, J. and Newman‐Taylor, K., 2019. Predictors of disengagement from cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis in a National Health Service setting: A retrospective evaluation. British journal of clinical psychology, 58(4), pp.440-451.
Segal, S.P., Rimes, L. and Hayes, S.L., 2019. The utility of outpatient commitment: Reduced-risks of victimization and crime perpetration. European psychiatry, 56(1), pp.97-104.

Straccia, C., Gerber, F., Darbellay, B., Collet-Wagner, I., Curtis, L. and Kosel, M., 2019, July. The French Version of the HoNOS-LD: additional results on test-retest reliability and concurrent validity. In Journal of Intellectual Disability Research (Vol. 63, No. 7, pp. 692-692). 111 River St, Hoboken 07030-5774, NJ USA: Wiley.

Sweeney, J., Adamis, D., Helmi, L. and Macdonald, A.J., 2019. Implementation of outcome measurement (HoNOS) in an outpatient psychiatric clinic in Sligo/Leitrim mental health service. Irish Journal of Medical Science (1971-), 188, pp.1329-1335.

Tully, J., Cappai, A., Lally, J. and Fotiadou, M., 2019. Follow-up study of 6.5 years of admissions to a UK female medium secure forensic psychiatry unit. BJPsych bulletin, 43(2), pp.54-57.

Van Kranenburg, G.D., van Den Brink, R.H.S., Mulder, W.G., Diekman, W.J., Pijnenborg, G.H.M. and Mulder, C.L., 2019. Clinical effects and treatment outcomes of long-term compulsory in-patient treatment of treatment-resistant patients with severe mental illness and substance-use disorder. BMC psychiatry, 19(1), pp.1-9.

Wiker, T.S., Gjestad, R., Mellesdal, L.S., Johnsen, E., Oedegaard, K.J. and Kroken, R.A., 2019. Supported accommodation for people with schizophrenia. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 73(4-5), pp.211-218.

2018

Aworinde, J., Werbeloff, N., Lewis, G., Livingston, G. and Sommerlad, A., 2018. Dementia severity at death: a register-based cohort study. BMC psychiatry, 18(1), pp.1-9.

Ballesteros-Urpí, A., Pardo-Hernández, H., Ferrero-Gregori, A., Torralbas-Ortega, J., Puntí-Vidal, J., Olivet, P.T., Eguren, J.I., Balasch, P.V., Lloveras, A.L., Bertomeu, S. and Peramiquel, M., 2018. Validation of the Spanish and Catalan versions of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scale for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA). Psychiatry Research, 261, pp.554-559.

Barrowcliff, A.L., Oathamshaw, S.C. and Evans, C., 2018. Psychometric properties of the clinical outcome routine evaluation‐learning disabilities 30‐item (CORE‐LD30). Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 62(11), pp.962-973.

Berendsen, S., van der Paardt, J., van Bruggen, M., Nusselder, H., Jalink, M., Peen, J., Van, H., Dekker, J. and de Haan, L., 2018. Exploring construct validity of clinical staging in schizophrenia spectrum disorders in an acute psychiatric ward. Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses.

de Beurs, E., Blankers, M., Delespaul, P., van Duijn, E., Mulder, N., Nugter, A., Swildens, W., Tiemens, B.G., Theunissen, J., van Voorst, A.F. and van Weeghel, J., 2018. Treatment results for severe psychiatric illness: which method is best suited to denote the outcome of mental health care?. BMC psychiatry, 18(1), pp.1-10.

Birnie, K.I., Stewart, R. and Kolliakou, A., 2018. Recorded atypical hallucinations in psychotic and affective disorders and associations with non-benzodiazepine hypnotic use: the South London and Maudsley Case Register. BMJ open, 8(9), p.e025216.

Bourmorck D, Nicaise P, Molera-Gui M, et al P64 Are mentally disordered offenders adequately placed towards regular or forensic care settings according to security needs? A cross sectional study J Epidemiol Community Health 2018;72:A88-A89.

Bourne, P., Meddings, S. and Whittington, A., 2018. An evaluation of service use outcomes in a recovery college. Journal of Mental Health, 27(4), pp.359-366.

Deenik, J., Tenback, D.E., Tak, E.C., Hendriksen, I.J. and van Harten, P.N., 2018. Improved psychosocial functioning and quality of life in inpatients with severe mental illness receiving a multidisciplinary lifestyle enhancing treatment. The MULTI study II. Mental Health and Physical Activity, 15, pp.145-152.

Ferrara, M., Guloksuz, S., Burke, S., Baccari, F., Miselli, M., Saponaro, A., Ferri, M., Srihari, V., Starace, F. and Psicotici, G.R.E., 2018. S254. IMPLEMENTATION OF A PROGRAM FOR EARLY INTERVENTION IN PSYCHOSIS ONSET: THE EXPERIENCE OF REGIONE EMILIA ROMAGNA, NORTHERN ITALY. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 44(suppl_1), pp.S426-S427.

Girardi, A., Snyman, P., Natarajan, M. and Griffiths, C., 2018. Older adults in secure mental health care: health, social wellbeing and security needs measured with HoNOS-secure across different age groups. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 29(5), pp.824-843.

Griffiths, C., Roychowdhury, A. and Girardi, A., 2018. Seclusion: the association with diagnosis, gender, length of stay and HoNOS-secure in low and medium secure inpatient mental health service. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 29(4), pp.656-673.

Harris, M.G., Sparti, C., Scheurer, R., Coombs, T., Pirkis, J., Ruud, T., Kisely, S., Hanssen-Bauer, K., Siqveland, J. and Burgess, P.M., 2018. Measurement properties of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) family of measures: protocol for a systematic review. BMJ open, 8(4), p.e021177.

Harvey, S.T., Bennett, J.A., Burmeister, E. and Wyder, M., 2018. Evaluating a nurse-led community model of service for perinatal mental health. Collegian, 25(5), pp.525-531.

Hickman, G., Thrift, S. and Taylor, C., 2018. Case study illustrations of a psychological treatment pathway in a secure intellectual disability service. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities and Offending Behaviour, 9(2), pp.102-114.

Hustoft, K., Larsen, T.K., Brønnick, K., Joa, I., Johannessen, J.O. and Ruud, T., 2018. Voluntary or involuntary acute psychiatric hospitalization in Norway: A 24 h follow up study. International journal of law and psychiatry, 56, pp.27-34.

James, M., Buckingham, B., Cheung, G., McKay, R., Painter, J. and Stewart, M.W., 2018. Review and update of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for elderly people (HoNOS65+). BJPsych Bulletin, 42(6), pp.248-252.

James, M., Painter, J., Buckingham, B. and Stewart, M.W., 2018. A review and update of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS). BJPsych Bulletin, 42(2), pp.63-68.

Kingston, T., Scully, P.J., Browne, D.J., Baldwin, P.A., Kinsella, A., O'Callaghan, E., Russell, V. and Waddington, J.L., 2018. Functional outcome and service engagement in major depressive disorder with psychotic features: comparisons with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and bipolar disorder in a 6‐year follow‐up of the Cavan‐Monaghan First Episode Psychosis Study (CAMFEPS). CNS neuroscience & therapeutics, 24(7), pp.633-640.

Lally, J., Watkins, R., Nash, S., Shetty, H., Gardner-Sood, P., Smith, S., Murray, R.M. and Gaughran, F., 2018. The representativeness of participants with severe mental illness in a psychosocial clinical trial. Frontiers in psychiatry, 9, p.654.

Laugharne, R., Eaves, S., Mascas, A., Psatha, K., Dinnis, G., Trower, J. and Shankar, R., 2018. Desperately seeking outcomes: quantifying the effectiveness of community mental healthcare using health of the nation outcome scales. BJPsych Open, 4(3), pp.91-94.

Lim, S.H. and Ong, X.L., 2018. P2‐540: HOME‐BASED TECHNOLOGY IN DEMENTIA CARE: USE OF REMINISCENCE THERAPY IN SIMULATED PRESENCE THERAPY PROGRAM. Alzheimer's & Dementia, 14(7S_Part_17), pp.P943-P943.

Longdon, L., Edworthy, R., Resnick, J., Byrne, A., Clarke, M., Cheung, N. and Khalifa, N., 2018. Patient characteristics and outcome measurement in a low secure forensic hospital. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 28(3), pp.255-269.

Maddison, P., Golay, P. and Muncer, S.J., 2018. Latent class analysis of the health of the nation outcome scales: A comparison of Swiss and English profiles and exploration of their predictive utility. European Psychiatry, 48(1), pp.1-5.

Mazzi, F., Baccari, F., Mungai, F., Ciambellini, M., Brescancin, L. and Starace, F., 2018. Effectiveness of a social inclusion program in people with non-affective psychosis. BMC psychiatry, 18(1), pp.1-9.

Moran, V. and Jacobs, R., 2018. Investigating the relationship between costs and outcomes for English mental health providers: a bi-variate multi-level regression analysis. The European journal of health economics, 19, pp.709-718.

Mötteli, S., Schori, D., Schmidt, H., Seifritz, E. and Jäger, M., 2018. Utilization and effectiveness of home treatment for people with acute severe mental illness: a propensity-score matching analysis of 19 months of observation. Frontiers in psychiatry, 9, p.495.

Mujic, F., Cairns, R., Mak, V., Squire, C., Wells, A., Al-Harrasi, A. and Prince, M., 2018. Liaison psychiatry for older adults in the general hospital: service activity, development and outcomes. BJPsych Bulletin, 42(1), pp.30-36.

Nickless, A., Voysey, M., Geddes, J., Yu, L.M. and Fanshawe, T.R., 2018. Mixed effects approach to the analysis of the stepped wedge cluster randomised trial—Investigating the confounding effect of time through simulation. PloS one, 13(12), p.e0208876.

Pec, O., Bob, P., Pec, J. and Hrubcova, A., 2018. Psychodynamic day treatment programme for patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders: Dynamics and predictors of therapeutic change. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 91(2), pp.157-168.

Pec, O., Bob, P., Simek, J. and Raboch, J., 2018. Dissociative states in borderline personality disorder and their relationships to psychotropic medication. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, pp.3253-3257.

Pedrini, L., Lanfredi, M., Ferrari, C., Andreose, S., Basso, P., Beneduce, R., Pioli, R., Rillosi, L., Rossi, G., Rossi, R. and Tura, G.B., 2018. Development and validation of the health of the nation outcome scales-residential facility (HoNOS-RF). Psychiatric Quarterly, 89, pp.461-473.

Reichert, A. and Jacobs, R., 2018. The impact of waiting time on patient outcomes: Evidence from early intervention in psychosis services in E ngland. Health economics, 27(11), pp.1772-1787.

Ride, J. and Jacobs, R., 2018. Clinical engagement with HoNOS. Report for NHS England, UK.

Segal, S.P., Hayes, S.L. and Rimes, L., 2018. The utility of outpatient commitment: acute medical care access and protecting health. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 53, pp.597-606.

Skelly, A., McGeehan, C. and Usher, R., 2018. An open trial of psychodynamic psychotherapy for people with mild-moderate intellectual disabilities with waiting list and follow up control. Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, 12(5/6), pp.153-162.

Silva, B., Golay, P. and Morandi, S., 2018. Factors associated with involuntary hospitalisation for psychiatric patients in Switzerland: a retrospective study. BMC psychiatry, 18(1), pp.1-10.

Sleeman, K.E., Perera, G., Stewart, R. and Higginson, I.J., 2018. Predictors of emergency department attendance by people with dementia in their last year of life: retrospective cohort study using linked clinical and administrative data. Alzheimer's & Dementia, 14(1), pp.20-27.

Sommerlad, A., Perera, G., Singh-Manoux, A., Lewis, G., Stewart, R. and Livingston, G., 2018. Accuracy of general hospital dementia diagnoses in England: sensitivity, specificity, and predictors of diagnostic accuracy 2008–2016. Alzheimer's & Dementia, 14(7), pp.933-943.

Stephenson, L.A., Macdonald, A.J., Seneviratne, G., Waites, F. and Pawlby, S., 2018. Mother and baby units matter: improved outcomes for both. BJPsych Open, 4(3), pp.119-125.

Stiekema, A.P., Looijmans, A., van der Meer, L., Bruggeman, R., Schoevers, R.A., Corpeleijn, E. and Jörg, F., 2018. Effects of a lifestyle intervention on psychosocial well-being of severe mentally ill residential patients: ELIPS, a cluster randomized controlled pragmatic trial. Schizophrenia research, 199, pp.407-413.

Stubbs, B., Mueller, C., Gaughran, F., Lally, J., Vancampfort, D., Lamb, S.E., Koyanagi, A., Sharma, S., Stewart, R. and Perera, G., 2018. Predictors of falls and fractures leading to hospitalization in people with schizophrenia spectrum disorder: A large representative cohort study. Schizophrenia research, 201, pp.70-78.

Swan, A.J., Kendall, P.C., Olino, T., Ginsburg, G., Keeton, C., Compton, S., Piacentini, J., Peris, T., Sakolsky, D., Birmaher, B. and Albano, A.M., 2018. Results from the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Longitudinal Study (CAMELS): Functional outcomes. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 86(9), p.738.

Tompsett, T., Masters, K. and Donyai, P., 2018. The utility of novel outcome measures in a naturalistic evaluation of schizophrenia treatment. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, pp.681-691.

Van Eck, R.M., Burger, T.J., Vellinga, A., Schirmbeck, F. and de Haan, L., 2018. The relationship between clinical and personal recovery in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 44(3), pp.631-642.

Wright, T., Stevens, S. and Wouldes, T.A., 2018. Mothers and their infants co‐admitted to a newly developed mother–baby unit: Characteristics and outcomes. Infant mental health journal, 39(6), pp.707-717.


2017

Ballesteros-Urpí A, Pardo-Hernández H, Ferrero-Gregori A, et al: Validation of the Spanish and Catalan versions of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scale for Children and Adolescent (HoNOSCA). Psychiatry Res 2018 Mar;261:554-559.

Bignotto, A., Celona, D., Fabrici, E.P. and Garino, D., 2017. Child and adolescent service and community mental health center: HoNOS findings in a joint take in charge model in Trieste. European Psychiatry, 41(S1), pp.S438-S438.

Courtenay, K., Jaydeokar, S. and Perera, B., 2017. Pregabalin use in adults with intellectual disabilities. European Psychiatry, 41(S1), pp.S597-S597.

Crawford, M.J., Zoha, M., Macdonald, A.J. and Kingdon, D., 2017. Improving the quality of mental health services using patient outcome data: making the most of HoNOS. BJPsych bulletin, 41(3), pp.172-176.

Crossland, T., Hewitt, O. and Walden, S., 2017. Outcomes and experiences of an adapted dialectic behaviour therapy skills training group for people with intellectual disabilities. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 45(3), pp.208-216.

Dickens, G.L. and O'Shea, L.E., 2017. Reliable and clinically significant change in outcomes for forensic mental health inpatients: use of the HoNOS-secure. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 16(2), pp.161-171.

Fankhauser, S., Hochstrasser, B., Sievers, M. and Soyka, M., 2017. Assessing Change of Depressive Symptoms and Severity of Depression in an Inpatient Setting: Performance of the HoNOS (Health of the Nation Outcome Scales). Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie, 67(9-10), pp.391-400.

Frost, B.G., Turrell, M., Sly, K.A., Lewin, T.J., Conrad, A.M., Johnston, S., Tirupati, S., Petrovic, K. and Rajkumar, S., 2017. Implementation of a recovery-oriented model in a sub-acute Intermediate Stay Mental Health Unit (ISMHU). BMC Health Services Research, 17, pp.1-12.

Galappathie, N., Khan, S.T. and Hussain, A., 2017. Civil and forensic patients in secure psychiatric settings: a comparison. BJPsych bulletin, 41(3), pp.156-159.

Hermens, M.L.M., Nugter, M.A., Mooij, N., Hoogendoorn, A.W., van Son, G.E., Robbers, S., van Bueren, M.M., Beekman, A.T.F. and Theunissen, J., 2017. ROM for the elderly: A prospective cohort study of the outcomes on the HoNOS 65+ in various diagnostic groups. Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie, 59(8), pp.456-465.

Howe, D., Batchelor, S. and Coates, D.D., 2017. Young Australians with moderate to severe mental health problems: client data and outcomes at Children and Young People's Mental Health. Early intervention in psychiatry, 11(4), pp.334-341.

Killaspy, H., 2017. Quality indicators for mental health services. Mental health economics: The costs and benefits of psychiatric care, pp.205-213.

Macpherson, R., Calciu, C., Foy, C., Humby, K., Lozynskyj, D., Garton, C., Steer, H. and Elliott, H., 2017. A service evaluation of outcomes in two in-patient recovery units. BJPsych Bulletin, 41(6), pp.330-336.

McCafferty, B., 2017. Specialist clinic dedicated to chronic mental illness and metabolic monitoring. European Psychiatry, 41(S1), pp.S611-S611.

McCrossan, P., Ryan, A., Connellan, M. and Power, P., 2017. The impact of a specialized inpatient and day patient group programme on clinical outcome in older adolescents and young adults with mental illness. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, 34(1), pp.39-44.

Morandi, S., Silva, B., Golay, P. and Bonsack, C., 2017. Intensive Case Management for Addiction to promote engagement with care of people with severe mental and substance use disorders: an observational study. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 12(1), pp.1-10.

Mueller-Stierlin, A.S., Helmbrecht, M.J., Herder, K., Prinz, S., Rosenfeld, N., Walendzik, J., Holzmann, M., Dinc, U., Schützwohl, M., Becker, T. and Kilian, R., 2017. Does one size really fit all? The effectiveness of a non-diagnosis-specific integrated mental health care program in Germany in a prospective, parallel-group controlled multi-centre trial. BMC psychiatry, 17(1), pp.1-12.

Muncer, S. and Speak, B., 2017. Confirmatory factor analysis of a two scale model of the health of the nation outcome scales (HoNOS) across diagnostic categories. Psychiatry research, 247, pp.12-14.

Penno, S.J., Hamilton, B. and Petrakis, M., 2017. Early intervention in psychosis: health of the nation outcome scales (HoNOS) outcomes from a five-year prospective study. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 31(6), pp.553-560.

Sancassiani, F., Lorrai, S., Cossu, G., Cocco, A., Trincas, G., Floris, F., Mellino, G., Machado, S., Nardi, A.E., Fabrici, E.P. and Preti, A., 2017. The Effects of “VelaMente?!” project on social functioning of people with severe psychosocial disabilities. Clinical practice and epidemiology in mental health: CP & EMH, 13, p.220.

Segal, S.P., Hayes, S.L. and Rimes, L., 2017. The utility of outpatient commitment: I. A need for treatment and a least restrictive alternative to psychiatric hospitalization. Psychiatric Services, 68(12), pp.1247-1254.

 Smith, W., Vitoratou, S., McCrone, P. and Patel, A., 2017. Exploring the factor structure of the Health of the Nation Outcomes Scale (HoNOS) in a sample of patients with schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 15(1), pp.1-10.

von Wyl A, Toggweiler S and Zollinger R (2017) HoNOSCA-D As a Measure of the Severity of Diagnosed Mental Disorders in Children and Adolescents—Psychometric Properties of the German Translation. Front. Psychiatry 8:186. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00186.

2011

Adamis, D., Giannakopoulou, D.F., Konstantopoulou, A., Michailidis, M. (2011) Translation and standardization of the HoNOSCA (Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents Scale in a Greek sample. Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2011 Feb 11.

2010

Andreas, S., Harries-Hedder, K., Schwenk, W., Hausberg, M., Koch, U. & Schulz H. (2010) Is the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales appropriate for the assessment of symptom severity in patients with substance-related disorders. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment;39 (1):32-40. Epub 2010 Apr 24.

Andreas, S., Harfst, T., Rabung, S., Mestel, R., Schauenburg, H., Hausberg, M., Kawski, S., Koch, U. & Schulz, H. (2010) The validity of the German version of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS-D): a clinician-rating for the differential assessment of the severity of mental disorders.Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 2010 Mar;19 (1):50-62.

Ausín, B., Muñoz, M. & Pérez-Santos, E. (2010) Development of the self-administered Spanish version of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Older Adults: HoNOS65+A. Eur Psychiatry. Apr; 25 (3):164-71. Epub 2009 Jun 23.

Duke, B. (2010) HoNOS in the consultation liaison psychiatry setting: is it valid? Australas Psychiatry, Dec;18 (6):547-50.

Ganeshalingam, Y., Chang, D. & Dunn, N. (2010) The evidence for effective psychiatric admissions as measured by an audit of Health of the Nation Outcome Scales recording. J Eval Clin Pract. 2010 Feb; 16 (1):196-8.

Hanssen-Bauer, K., Langsrud, O., Kvernmo, S. & Heyerdahl, S. (2010) Clinician-rated mental health in outpatient child and adolescent mental health services: associations with parent, teacher and adolescent ratings. Child Adolescent Psychiatry Mental Health. 2010 Nov 25; 4:29.

Kisely, S., Campbell, L.A., Cartwright, J., Cox, M., & Campbell J. (2010) Do the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales measure outcome? Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 2010 Jul; 55 (7):431-9.

Oiesvold, T., Bakkejord, T. & Sexton, J.A. (2010) Concurrent validity of HoNOS compared with a patient derived measure (SCL-90-R) in out-patient clinics. Psychiatry Res. Nov 20.

2009

Burgess, P., Trauer, T., Coombs, T., McKay, R. & Pirkis, J. (2009) What does 'clinical significance' mean in the context of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales? Australas Psychiatry. 2009 Apr;17 (2):141-8.

Canuto, A., Rudhard-Thomazic, V., Herrmann, F.R., Delaloye, C., Giannakopoulos, P. & Weber, K. (2009) Assessing depression outcome in patients with moderate dementia: sensitivity of the HoNOS65+ scale. J Neurol Sci. 2009 Aug 15;283(1-2):69-72. Epub 2009 Mar 3.

Cheung, G. & Williams, G. (2009) Clinical utility of Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for older persons in a memory clinic. Australas Psychiatry. 2009 Apr; 17(2):149-55.

Meagher, D., O'Brien, S., Pullela, A., Oshun, A. & Brosnan, P. (2009) Multidisciplinary activities in a community mental health service: relationship to the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales scores and diagnosis. Psychiatric Bulletin 33, 172-175.

Stewart, M. (2009) Service user and significant other versions of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales. Australas Psychiatry. 2009 Apr;17(2):156-63.

2008

Broersma, T.W. & Sytema, S. (2008) Implementation of the HoNOS65+.Tijdschr Psychiatr. 2008;50(2):77-82. Dutch.

2007

Andreas, S., Harfst, T., Dirmaier, J., Kawski, S., Koch, U. & chulz, H. (2007) A Psychometric evaluation of the German version of the 'Health of the Nation Outcome Scales, HoNOS-D': on the feasibility and reliability of clinician-performed measurements of severity in patients with mental disorders. Psychopathology. 2007;40(2):116-25.

Ausín, B., Muñoz. M., & Quiroga, M.A. (2007) Adaptación española de las escalas de resultados para personas mayores HoNOS65+ (Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Older Adults). Revista española de geriatría y gerontología, 42 (2007), pp. 88–95.

Canuto, A. Weber, K. Gold, G. Notaridis, G. Michon, A. Giardini, U. Delaloye, C, Herrmann, F. & Giannakopoulos, P. (2007) Structured Assessment of Mental Health Status in Psychogeriatrics: Validity of the French HoNOS65+. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 2007. 52:1.January.

Canuto, A., Weber, K., Gold, G., Notaridis, G., Michon, A., Giardini, U., Delaloye, C., Herrmann, F. & Giannakopoulos, P. (2007) Structured assessment of mental health status in psychogeriatrics: validity of the French HoNOS65+. Can J Psychiatry. 2007 Jan; 52(1):37-45.

Cheung, G. & Strachan, J. (2007) Routine 'Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for elderly people' (HoNOS65+) collection in an acute psychogeriatric inpatient unit in New Zealand. N Z Med J. 2007 Aug 10;120(1259):U2660.

Dickens G, Sugarman P and Walker L (2007) ‘HoNOS-secure: a reliable outcome measure for users of secure and forensic mental health services’. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology 18:4, 507-514.

Gigantesco, A., Picardi, A. de Girolama, G. & Morosini, P. (2007) Discriminant Ability and Criterion Validity of the HoNOS in Italian Psychiatric Residential Facilities. Psychopathology. 2007; 40: 111-115.

Kisely S, Campbell L, Crossman D, Gleich S, Campbell J. (2007) Are The Health Of The Nation Outcome Scales A Valid And Practical Instrument To Measure Outcomes In North America? A three-site evaluation across Nova Scotia. Community Mental Health Journal. 43: 91-107.

Lesinskiene, S., Senina, J. & Ranceva, N. (2007) Use of the HoNOSCA scale in the teamwork of inpatient child psychiatry unit. J Psychiatr Mental Health Nurs. 2007 Dec; 14 (8):727-33.

Phuaphanprasert, B., Srisurapanont, M., Silpakit, C., Pannarunothai, S., Udomratn, P., Geater, A. & Prapaphomrn, P. (2007) Reliability and validity of the Thai version of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS). J Med Assoc Thai. 2007 Nov; 90 (11):2487-93.

2006

Al-Uzri, M. M., Reveley, M. A., Owen, L., Bruce, J., Frost, S., Mackintosh, D. and Moran, P. M. (2006) “Measuring memory impairment in community-based patients with schizophrenia: Case—control study,” British Journal of Psychiatry. Cambridge University Press, 189(2), pp. 132–136. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.105.013631.

Andreas, S., Dirmaier, J., Harfst, T., Kawski, S., Koch, U. and Schulz, H. (2006) Chancen und Begrenzungen bei der Fallgruppenbildung von Patienten mit psychischen Störungen in stationärer psychotherapeutischer Rehabilitationsbehandlung. PPmP-Psychotherapie· Psychosomatik· Medizinische Psychologie, 56(02), p.A2.

Bech, P., Bille, J., Waarst, S., Wiese, M., Borberg, L., Treufeld, P. and Kessing, L. (2006) Validity of HoNOS in identifying frequently hospitalised patients with ICD-10 mental disorders. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 113:485-491.

Bezzi, R., Erlicher, A. and Lora, A. (2006) Effectiveness of hospitalisation in acute psychiatrie in-patient units in Lombardy (Italy), Epidemiologia e Psichiatria Sociale. Cambridge University Press, 15(3), pp. 233–237. doi: 10.1017/S1121189X00004498.

Blacklock, E. (2006) Home clinic programme: An alternative model for private mental health facilities and sufferers of major depression. International Journal of mental health nursing, 15(1), pp.3-9.

Burgess, P. and Pirkis, J. (2006) Key Performance Indicators for Australian Public Mental Health Services: Potential Contributions of MH-NOCC Data.

Burgess, P., Pirkis, J. & Coombs, T. (2006) Do adults in contact with Australia’s public sector mental health services get better? Australia and New Zealand Health Policy. 3:9.

Callaly, T., Hyland, M., Coombs, T., & Trauer, T. (2006) Routine outcome measurement in public mental health: results of a clinician survey. Australian Health Review 30, 164-173.

Coop, C.F. (2006) Balancing the balanced scorecard for a New Zealand mental health service. Australian health review, 30(2), pp.174-180.

Deane, F.P. and Andresen, R. (2006) Evolution and sustainability of the helping hands volunteer program: consumer recovery and mental health comparisons six years on. The Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counselling, 12(2), pp.88-103.

Dowling, S., Hubert, J., White, S. and Hollins, S. (2006) Bereaved adults with intellectual disabilities: a combined randomized controlled trial and qualitative study of two community‐based interventions. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 50(4), pp.277-287.

Griffiths, L., Blignault, I. and Yellowlees, P. (2006) Telemedicine as a means of delivering cognitive-behavioural therapy to rural and remote mental health clients. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare, 12(3), pp.136-140.

Guscia, R., Ekberg, S., Harries, J. and Kirby, N. (2006) Measurement of environmental constructs in disability assessment instruments. Journal of policy and practice in intellectual disabilities, 3(3), pp.173-180.

Hall, I., Parkes, C., Samuels, S. and Hassiotis, A. (2006) Working across boundaries: clinical outcomes for an integrated mental health service for people with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 50(8), pp.598-607.

Hansen, L., and Kingdon, D. (2006) Rating Suicidality in Schizophrenia: Items on Global Scales (HoNOS and CPRS) Correlate with a Validated Suicidality Rating Scale (InterSePT). Archives of Suicide Research. 10:249-252.

Hoolahan, B., Kelly, B., Stain, H.J. and Killen, D. (2006) Co‐morbid drug and alcohol and mental health issues in a rural New South Wales Area Health Service. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 14(4), pp.148-153.

Holzer, L., Tchemadjeu, I.K., Plancherel, B., Bolognini, M., Rossier, V., Chinet, L. and Halfon, O. (2006) Adolescent drug abuse diagnosis (ADAD) vs. Health of Nation Outcome Scale for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) in clinical outcome measurement. Journal of evaluation in clinical practice, 12(5), pp.482-490.

Macgregor, A.C., and Sheerin, D. (2006) Family Life and Relationships in the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA). Psychiatric Bulletin. 30, 216-219.

McColl, H. and Johnson, S. (2006) Characteristics and needs of asylum seekers and refugees in contact with London community mental health teams. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 41(10), pp.789-795.

Meehan, T., McCombs, S., Hatzipetrou, L. and Catchpoole, R. (2006), Introduction of routine outcome measures: staff reactions and issues for consideration. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 13: 581-587.

Mellsop, G. and Wilson, J. (2006) Outcome measures in mental health services: Humpty Dumpty is alive and well. Australasian Psychiatry, 14(2), pp.137-140.

Ng, F., Berk, M., Campbell, S., Callaly, T., Dodd, S. and Trauer, T. (2006) “The 21-item Depression Anxiety Stress Scales as a valid routine clinical outcome measure in the private in-patient setting,” Acta Neuropsychiatrica. Cambridge University Press, 18(6), pp. 300–300. doi: 10.1017/S0924270800031525.

Ng, F., Trauer, T., Bernardo, M., Campbell, S., Callaly, T., Dodd, S. and Berk, M. (2006) “The utility of the Clinical Global Impression Scale in the clinical setting,” Acta Neuropsychiatrica. Cambridge University Press, 18(6), pp. 301–301. doi: 10.1017/S0924270800031549.

Schneider, J., Brandon, T., Wooff, D., Carpenter, J. and Paxton, R. (2006) Assertive outreach: policy and reality, Psychiatric Bulletin. Cambridge University Press, 30(3), pp. 89–94. doi: 10.1192/pb.30.3.89.

Slade, M., McCrone, P., Kuipers, E., Leese, M., Cahill, S., Parabiaghi, A., Priebe, S. and Thornicroft, G. (2006) “Use of standardised outcome measures in adult mental health services: Randomised controlled trial,” British Journal of Psychiatry. Cambridge University Press, 189(4), pp. 330–336. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.105.015412.

Schneider, J., Brandon, T., Carpenter, J. and Paxton, R. (2006) Assertive Outreach: policy and reality. Psychiatric Bulletin. 30, 89-94.

Steel, Z., McDonald, R., Silove, D., Bauman, A., Sandford, P., Herron, J. and Harry Minas, I. (2006) Pathways to the first contact with specialist mental health care. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 40(4), pp.347-354.

Tarrier, N., Haddock, G., Lewis, S., Drake, R., Gregg, L. and Socrates Trial Group, (2006) Suicide behaviour over 18 months in recent onset schizophrenic patients: the effects of CBT. Schizophrenia Research, 83(1), pp.15-27.

Trauer, T., Eagar, K. and Mellsop, G. (2006) Ethnicity, deprivation and mental health outcomes. Australian Health Review, 30(3), pp.310-321.

Trauer, T., Gill, L., Pedwell, G. and Slattery, P. (2006) Routine outcome measurement in public mental health—what do clinicians think?. Australian Health Review, 30(2), pp.144-147.

Vostanis, P., Anderson, L. and Window, S., 2006. Evaluation of a family support service: short-term outcome. Clinical child psychology and psychiatry, 11(4), pp.513-528.

2005

Fleminger, S., Leigh, E., Eames, P., Langrell, L., Nagraj, R. & Logsdail, S. (2005) HoNOS-ABI: a reliable outcome measure of neuropsychiatric sequelae to brain injury? Psychiatric Bulletin, 29, (2): 53-55.

Harnett, P.H., Loxton, N.J., Sadler, T., Hides, L. & Baldwin, A. (2005) The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents in an adolescent in-patient sample. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2005 Mar;39(3):129-35

Leach, C., Lucock, M., Barkham, M., Noble, R., Clarke, L. & Iveson, S. (2005) Assessing risk and emotional disturbance using the CORE-OM and HoNOS outcome measures at the interface between primary and secondary mental healthcare. Psychiatric Bulletin, 29, 419-422.

Marke, C., Leigh, E. & Fleminger, S. (2005) HoNOS-ABI: an under-utilised resource? Psychiatric Bulletin, 29:35. (Correspondence)

Parabiaghi, A. Barbato, A. D’Avanzo, B. Erlicher, A. & Lora, A. (2005) Assessing reliable and clinically significant change on Health of the Nation Outcome Scales: method for displaying longitudinal data. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 39:719-725.

Pirkis, J.E., Burgess, P.M., Kirk, P.K., Dodson, S., Coombs, T.J. & Williamson, M.K. (2005) A review of the psychometric properties of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) family of measures. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2005 Nov 28;3:76

Salvi, G., Leese, M. & Slade, M. (2005) Routine use of mental health outcome assessments: choosing the measure. British Journal of Psychiatry, 186: 146-152.

Simpson, K., Coombs, T. & Avery, A. (2005) Introducing the health of the nation outcomes scales into undergraduate nurse preparation: opportunities for development - a pilot project.Nurse Educ Pract. 2005 Mar;5(2):97-102.

2004

D'Avanzo, B., Battino, R.N., Gallus, S. & Barbato, A. (2004) Factors predicting discharge of patients from community residential facility: a longitudinal study from Italy. Aust N Z J Psychiatry, 38 (8): 619-28.

Ecob, R., Croudace, T.J., White, I.R., Evans, J.E., Harrison, G.L., Sharp, D. & Jones, P.B. (2004) Multilevel investigation of variation in HoNOS ratings by mental health professionals: a naturalistic study of consecutive referrals. International Journal Methods Psychiatry Research, 13 (3): 152-64.

Fisher, L.J., Goldney, R.D., Furze, P.F., Mattner, J. & McCleave, D.J. (2004) Electroconvulsive therapy, depression and cognitive outcomes: an Australian audit. Journal of ECT. 20 (3): 174-8.

James, M. & Mitchell, D. (2004) Measuring health and social functioning using HoNOS. In Harrison, M., Howard, D. & Mitchell, D. (Eds) Acute Mental Health Nursing, 29-50.

Page, A.C. & Hooke, G.R (2004) Failure to replicate the effects of gender and season on the length of hospitalisation in unipolar depressives. Journal Affect Disorder, 81 (3): 275-8.

Reilly, S., Challis, D., Burns, A. & Hughes, J. (2004) The use of assessment scales in Old Age Psychiatry Services in England and Northern Ireland. Aging Mental Health, 8 (3): 249-55.

Rodenberg, H., Bos, V., O'Malley, C., McGeorge, P., Love, T. & Dowell, A. (2004) General Practice care of enduring mental health problems: an evaluation of the Wellington Mental Health Liaison Service. N Z Med J. 117 (1202): U1077.

Turner, S. (2004) Are the Health of the Nation Outcome scales (HoNOS) useful for measuring outcomes in older people's mental health services? Aging Mental Health, 8 (5): 387-96.

2003

Bech, P., Bille, J., Schutze.T., Sondergaard, S., Wiese, M. & Waarst, S. (2003) Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS): Implementability, subs structure and responsiveness in the daily psychiatric hospital routine over the first 18 months. Nord J Psychiatry, 57 (4): 285-90.

Bilenberg, N. (2003) Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) - results of a Danish field trial. Eur Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 12 (6): 298-302.

Huxley, P., Reilly, S., Robinshaw, E., Mohamad, H., Harrison, J., Windle, B. & Butler, T. (2003) Interventions and outcomes of health and social care service provision for people with severe mental illness in England. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 38 (1): 44-48.Kennedy, C.& Yellowlees, P. (2003) The effectiveness of telepsychiatry measured using the Health of the Nation Outcome Scale and the Mental Health Inventory. J Telemed Telecare, 9 (1): 12-6.

Lelliott, P. (2003) Secondary uses of patient information. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 9: 221-228.

Morosini, P., Gigantesco, A., Mazzarda, A. & Gibaldi, L. (2003) HoNOS-Rome: an extended, customized and longitudinal oriented version of the HoNOS. Epidemiol Psichiatr Soc, 12 (1): 53-62.

Percudani, M., Gerzeli, S., Massagrandi, R., Jommi, C., Fattore, G., Cerati, G. & Contini, A. (2003) Costs and outcome of care in subjects with severe mental disorders. Epidemiol Psichiatr Soc, 12 (3): 175-86.

2002

Arrighi, E., Baj, G., Bezzi, R., Civenti, G., Di Maio, A., Erlicher, A., Farinazzo, C., Lora, A., Mapelli, V., Miragoli, P., Monzani, E., Panetta, B., Ravasio, R., Von Morghen, D. & Torri, V. (2002) Pattern Di Trattamento E Costi Nei Dipartimenti Di Salute Mentale Della Regione Lombardia. Il Progetto di Ricerca HoNOS 2. Epidemiologia E Psichiatria Sociale, 4, Vol 11.

Bezzi, R., Farinazzo, C. & Miragoli, P. (2002) Bibliografia Ragionata Della Scala HoNOS. Epidemiologia-e-Psichiatria-Sociale, 11/SUPPL. 5, 15-32.

Bonsack, C., Borgeat, F. & Lesage, A. (2002) Mesurer La Severite Des Problemes Des Patients Et Leur Evolution dans un Secteur Psychiatrique: Une Etude Sur Le Terrain Du Health of Nation Outcome Scales en Francais (HONOS-F). Annales-Medico-Psychologiques, 160/7, 483-488.

Corrigall,R. & Mitchell, B. (2002) Service innovations: Rethinking in-patient provision for adolescents: A report from a new service. Psychiatric-Bulletin, Vol 26 (10): 388-392.

Gilbody, S.M., House, A.O., Sheldon, T.A. (2002) Psychiatrists in the UK do not use outcome measures: National Survey. Psychiatric Bulletin, 180 (2): 101-103.

Gilbody, S.M., House, A.O., Sheldon, T.A. (2002) Outcome research in mental health. Psychiatric Bulletin, 181, 8-16.

Gowers, S.G., Levine, W., Bailey-Rogers, S., Shore, A., & Burhouse, E. (2002) Use of a routine, self-report outcome measure (HoNOSCA-SR): in two adolescent mental health services. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 180, 266-269.

Holloway, F. (2002) Outcome measurement in mental health - welcome to the revolution. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 181, 1-2.

Hugo, M., Smout, M. & Bannister, J. (2002) A comparison in hospitalisation rates between a community -based mobile emergency service and a hospital-based emergency service. The Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry, 36 (4): 504-8.

James, M. (2002) The use of Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) in routine clinical practice by NHS mental health service providers in England: A summary of findings. The Approach, 23.(CPAA)

Lambert, G., Caputi, P. & Deane,F.P. (2002) Sources of information when rating the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, Vol 11 (2): 135-138.

Macdonald, A. (2002) The usefulness of aggregated routine clinical outcomes data: the example of HoNOS65+. Journal of Mental Health, 11, 645-656.

McEvoy, P., Colgan, S. & Richards, D. (2002) Gatekeeping access to community mental health teams: differences in practice between consultant psychiatrists, senior house officers and community psychiatric nurses. Psychiatric Bulletin, 26 (2): 56-58.

Page, A., Hooke,G. & Rutherford, E. (2002) Reply to Dr Stafrace. Australian and New-Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, Vol 36(4): 558-559.

Parker, G., O’Donnell, M., Hadzi-Pavlovic, D. & Proberts, M. (2002) Assessing outcome in community mental health patients: a comparative analysis of measures. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 48 (1): 11-19.

Rossi, F. (2002) Pattern Di Trattamento E Costi Nei Dipartimenti Di Salute Mentale Della Regione Lombardia: IL progetto Di Ricerca HoNOS 2: Presentazione. Epidemiologia-e-Psichiatria-Sociale, 11/SUPPL, 5, V-VIII.

Roy, A., Matthews, H., Clifford, P., Fowler, V., & Martin, D. (2002) Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for People with Learning Disabilities (HoNOS-LD). British Journal of Psychiatry, 180, 61-66.

Roy, A., Matthews, H., Clifford, P., Fowler, V., & Martin, D. (2002) Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for People with Learning Disabilities (HoNOS-LD). Glossary for HoNOS-LD score sheet. British Journal of Psychiatry, 180, 67-70.

Sanderson, K. & Andrews, G. (2002) Prevalence and severity of mental health - related disability and relationship to diagnosis . Psychiatric Services, 53 (1) : 80-86.

Smith,D., Fisher, L. & Goldney, R. (2002) Do suicidal ideation and behaviour influence duration of psychiatric hospitalization? International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, Vol 11 (4): 220-224.

Spear, J., Chawla, S., O'Reilly, M. & Rock, D. (2002) Does the HoNOS65+ meet the criteria for a clinical outcome indicator for mental health services for older people? International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17 (3): 226-230.

Stafrace, S. (2002) Doubts about HoNOS. Australian and New-Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, Vol 36 (2): 270.

Trauer, T. & Callaly, T. (2002) Concordance between patients and their case managers using Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) . Australasian Psychiatry, 10/1 (24-28).

Trauer, T., Coombs, T. & Eagar, K. (2002)Training in routine mental health outcome assessment: the Victorian experience. Australian Health Review, Vol. 25 (2): 122-128.

Trauer, T., Coombs, T. & Eagar, K. (2002)Training in routine mental health outcome assessment: an evaluation of the Victorian experience. Australian Health Review, Vol. 25 (3): 74-82.

2001

Audin, K., Margison, F.R., Clark, J.M. & Barkham, M. (2001) Value of HoNOS in assessing patient change in NHS psychotherapy and psychological treatment services. British Journal of Psychiatry, 178: 561-6.

Brann, P., Coleman, C. & Luk, E (2001) Routine outcome measurement in a child and adolescent mental health service: an evaluation of HoNOSCA. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 35: 370-376.

Broadbent, M. (2001) Reconciling the information needs of clinicians, managers and commissioners - a pilot project. Psychiatric Bulletin, 25, 423-425.

Coetzer, R., Du Toit, P.L. (2001) HoNOS-ABI; a clinically useful outcome measure? Psychiatric Bulletin, 25 (11): 421-422.

Lauzon, S., Corbiere, M., Bonin, J.P., Bonsack, C., Lesage, A.D. & Ricard, N. (2001) Validation de la version francaise du Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS-F). Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 46 (9): 841-46. (French)

Lora, A., Bai, G., Bianchi, S., Bolongaro, G., Civenti, G., Erlicher, A., Maresca, G., Monzani, E., Panetta, B., Von Morgen, D., Rossi, F., Torri, V. & Morosini, P. (2001) La Versione Italiana Della HoNOS (Health of the Nation Outcome Scales), Una Scala Per La Valutazione Della Gravita E Dell'Esito Nei Servizi Di Salute Mentale. Epidemiologia E Psischiatria Sociale, 10, (3) 198-212.

Milne, D., Reichelt, K. & Wood, E. (2001) Implementing HoNOS: An Eight Stage Approach. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 8, 106-116.

Page, A., Hooke, G., Rutherford, E. (2001) Measuring mental health outcomes in a private psychiatric clinic: Health of the Nation Outcome Scales and Medical Outcomes Short Form SF-36. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 35 (3): 377-381.

Wilcock, A. (2001) The use of HoNOS in a low secure in-patient setting. The Approach, 19, 15-16. Care Programme Approach Association.

2000

Adams, M., Palmer, A., O'Brien, J.T. & Crook, W. (2000) Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for psychiatry: Are they valid? Journal of Mental Health, 9 (2): 193-198.

Bagley, H., Cordingley, L., Burns, A., Mozley, C.G., Sutcliffe, C., Challis, D. & Huxley, P. (2000) Recognition of depression by staff in nursing and residential homes. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 9 (3): 445-450.

Brooks, R. (2000) The reliability and validity of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales: Validation in relation to patient derived measures. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 34 (3): 504-511.

Browne, S., Doran, M. & McGauran, S. (2000) Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS): Use in an Irish psychiatric outpatient population. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, 17 (1): 17-19.

Cheah, Y.C., Parker, G. & Roy, K. (2000) Evaluation and validation of a measure profiling needs and problems of psychiatric patients in the community: a Malaysian study. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 35 (4): 170-6.

Gallagher, J. & Teeson, M. (2000) Measuring disability, need and outcome in Australian community mental health services. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 34 (5): 850-855.

Garralda, M.E., Yates, P. & Higginson, I. (2000) Child and adolescent mental health service use. HoNOSCA as an outcome measure. British Journal of Psychiatry, 177:52-8.

Glover, G.R., Sinclair-Smith, H. (2000) Computerised information systems in English mental health care providers in 1998. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemology, 35 (11): 518-522.

Hatfield, B., Spurrell, M., & Perry, A. (2000) Emergency referrals to an acute psychiatric service: demographic, social and clinical characteristics and comparisons with those receiving continuing services. Journal of Mental Health, 9 (3): 305-17.

Keys, R. (2000) HoNOS: does it have a role to play in mental health services? Mental Health Practice, 3 (7): 22-24.

McClelland, R., Trimble, P., Fox, M.L., Stevenson, M.R. & Bell, B. (2000) Validation of an outcome scale for use in adult psychiatric practice. Quality in Health Care, 9 (2): 98-105.

Preston, N.J. (2000) The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales: Validating factorial structure and invariance across two health services. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 34 (3): 512-519.

Rushforth, D., Brooker, C., Winstanley, J. & Repper, D. (2000) The use of HoNOS in the evaluation of partial hospitalisation in mental health day care. Health of the Nation Outcome Scales. Clinical Effectiveness in Nursing, 4 (3): 121-127.

Slade, M., Thornicroft, G., Beck, A., Bindman, J. & Wright, S. (2000) Assessment: from Theory to Practice. British Journal of Psychiatry, 176, 394-395.

Trauer, T. (2000) Update from Down Under. British Journal of Psychiatry, 176, 393- 394.

Trauer, T. (2000) Comment. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 34 (3): 520-521.

Wing, J.K., Lelliott, P., & Beevor, A.S. (2000) Progress on HoNOS. British Journal of Psychiatry, 176, 392-393.

1999

Allen, L., Bala, S., Carthew, R., Daley, S., Doyle, E., Driscoll, P., et al. (1999) Experience and application of HoNOS65+. Psychiatric Bulletin, 23, 203-206.

Amin, S., Singh, S.P., Croudace, T., Jones, P., Medley, I. & Harrison, G. (1999) Evaluating the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales. Reliability and validity in a three-year follow-up of first-onset psychosis. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 399-403.

Bebbington, P., Brugha, T., Hill, T., Marsden, L & Window, S. (1999) Validation of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 389-394.

Brooker, C., Molyneux, P., Deverill, M. & Repper, J. (1999) Evaluating clinical outcome and staff morale in a rehabilitation team for people with serious mental health problems. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 29 (1): 44-51.

Bruce, J., Watson, D., van Teijlingen, E.R., Lawton, K., Watson, M.S. & Palin, A.N. (1999) Dedicated psychiatric care within general practice: health outcome and service providers’ views. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 29 (5): 1060-1067.

Burns, A., Beevor, A., Lelliott, P., Wing, J., Blakey, A., Orrell, M., Mulinga, J. & Hadden, S. (1999) Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Elderly People (HoNOS 65+). Glossary for HoNOS65+ score sheet. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 435-438.

Burns, A., Beevor, A., Lelliott, P., Wing, J., Blakey, A., Orrell, M., Mulinga, J. & Hadden, S. (1999) Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Elderly People (HoNOS65+). The British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 424-427.

Chaplin, R. & Perkins, R. (1999) HoNOS: A cautionary tale of their use in a rehabilitation service. Psychiatric Bulletin, 23 (1): 20-21.

Charlwood, P., Mason, A., Goldacre, M., Cleary, R. & Wilkinson, E. (eds) (1999) Health Outcome Indicators: Severe Mental Illness. Report of a working group to the Department of Health. Oxford: National Centre for Health Outcomes Development.

Culiford, L., Goff-Beardsley, S. & Atkinson, T. (1999) Usefulness of HoNOS. Psychiatric Bulletin, 23 (9): 571.

Dalal, B., Larkin, E., Leese, M. & Taylor, P.J. (1999) Clozapine treatment of long-standing schizophrenia and serious violence: A two-year follow-up study of the first 50 patients treated with clozapine in Rampton high security hospital. Criminal Behaviour & Mental Health, 9 (2): 168-178.

Gowers, S.G., Harrington, R.C., Whitton, A., Lelliott, P., Beevor, A., Wing, J. & Jezzard, R. (1999) Brief scale for measuring the outcomes of emotional and behavioural disorders in children. Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA). The British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 413-416.

Gowers, S.G., Harrington, R.C., Whitton, A., Beevor, A., Lelliott, P., Jezzard, R. & Wing, J.K. (1999) Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA): Glossary for HoNOSCA score sheet. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 428-431.

Issakidis, C. & Teesson, M. (1999) Measurement of need for care: A trial of the Camberwell Assessment of need and the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 33 (5): 754-759.

James, M. & Kehoe, R. (1999) Using the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales in clinical practice. Psychiatric Bulletin, 23 (9): 536-538.

MacDonald A.J.D. (1999) HoNOS 65+ glossary. British Journal of Psychiatry, 175, 192.

Mozley, C.G., Huxley, P., Sutcliffe, C., Bagley, H., Burns, A., Challis, D. & Cordingley, L. (1999) ‘Not knowing where I am doesn’t mean I don’t know what I like’: cognitive impairment and quality of life responses in elderly people. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14 (9): 776-783.

Orrell, M., Yard P., Handysides, J. & Schapira, R. (1999) Validity and reliability of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales in psychiatric patients in the community. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 409-412.

Pirkis, J., Burgess, P. & Jolley, D. (1999) Suicide attempts by psychiatric patients in acute inpatient, long-stay inpatient and community care. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 34 (12): 634-644.

Rossi, F., Blaco, R., Castelli, C., Civenti, G., Cocchi, A., Contini, A., Erlicher, A., Lanzara, D., Lora, A., Marcandalli, S., Morosini, P., & Pisapia, D. (1999) Cost of psychiatric patients by disability groups. EPIDEMIOL PSYCHIATR SOC, 8 (3): 198-208. (Italian)

Salvador-Carulla, L. (1999) Routine outcome assessment in mental health research. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 12, 207-210.

Sharma, V.K., Wilkinson, G. & Fear, S. (1999) Health of the Nation Outcome Scales: a case study in general psychiatry. British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 395-398.

Shergill, S.S., Shankar, K.K., Seneviratna, K. & Orrell, M.W. (1999) The validity and reliability of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) in the elderly. Journal of Mental Health, 8 (5): 511-521.

Slade, M., Beck, A., Bindman, J., Thornicroft, G. & Wright, S. (1999) Routine clinical outcome measures for patients with severe mental illness: CANSAS and HoNOS. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 404-408.

Trauer, T. (1999) The subscale structure of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS). Journal of Mental Health, 8 (5): 499-509.

Trauer, T., Callaly, P., Hantz, P., Little, J., Shields, R. & Smith, J. (1999) Health of the Nation Outcome Scales. Results of the Victorian field trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 380-388.

Trauer, T., Callaly, T. & Hantz, P. (1999) The measurement of improvement during hospitalisation for acute psychiatric illness. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 33 (3): 379-384.

Wing, J.K., Curtis, R.H. & Beevor, A.S. (1999) Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS): Glossary for HoNOS score sheet. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 432-434.

Wing, J.K., Curtis, R.H. & Beevor, A.S. (1999) Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA). Glossary for HoNOS score sheet. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 432-434.

Wing, J., Lelliott, P. & Chaplin, R.H. (1999) Reliability and validity of HoNOS (multiple letters). Psychiatric Bulletin, 23 (6):375.

Yates, P., Garralda, M.E. & Higginson, I. (1999) Paddington Complexity Scale and Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 413-416.

1998

Ashaye, O., Adebisi, A., Newman, E. & Dhadphale., M. (1998) Resettlement and the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) in the elderly. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 13 (8): 568-570.

Ashaye, O., Mathew, G. & Rigby, E. (1998) HoNOS in long-stay patients with learning disabilities. Psychiatric Bulletin, 22 (5): 306-308.

Blair, G. & Deaney, C. (1998) Inner-city general practice population of people with schizophrenia. Psychiatric Bulletin, 22 (4): 221-225.

Cheah, Y.C., Parker, G., Hadzi-Pavlovic, D., Gladstone, G. & Eyers, K. (1998) Development of a measure profiling problems and needs of psychiatric patients in the community. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 33 (7): 337-344.

Goldney, R.D., Fisher, L.J. & Walmsley, S.H. (1998) The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales in psychiatric hospitalisation: A multi-centre study examining outcome and prediction of length of stay. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 32 (2): 199-205.

Wing, J.K., Beevor, A.S., Curtis, R.H., Park, S.B.G., Hadden, S. & Burns, A. (1998) Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS): Research and development. British Journal of Psychiatry, 172, 11-18.

1997

Allan. S., & McGonagle, I. (1997) A comparison of HoNOS with the Social Behaviour Schedule in three settings. Journal of Mental Health, 6 (2): 117-124.

Ashaye, O., Mathew, G. & Dhadphale, M. (1997) A comparison of older longstay psychiatric and learning disabilities inpatients using the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 12 (5): 548-552.

Boot, B., Hall, W. & Andrews, G. (1997) Disability, outcome and case-mix in acute psychiatric in-patient units. British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 242-246.

Brooker, C., Molyneux, P., Deverill, M. & Repper, J. (1997) An audit of costs and outcome using HoNOS-3 in a rehabilitation team: A pilot study. Journal of Mental Health, 6 (5): 491-502.

Elphick, M., Anthony, P., Lines, C. & Evans, H. (1997) Mental Health: casemix outcome resource needs: Summary Report. The National Casemix Office: Winchester.

Elphick, M., Anthony, P., Lines, C. & Evans, H. (1997) Mental Health: casemix outcome resource needs. The National Casemix Office: Winchester.

Taylor, J.R. & Wilkinson, G. (1997) HoNOS vs GP opinion in a shifted out-patient clinic. Psychiatric Bulletin, 21 (8): 483-485.

1996

Carlisle, D. (1996) Economies of scales. Nursing Times, 92 (50): 38-39.

Goldney, R.D., Fisher, L.J., Walmsley, S., Kent, P. & Cooper, A.W. (1996) A pilot study of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scale as a measurement of outcome in a private psychiatric hospital. Australasian Psychiatry, 4 (6): 319-321.

Jeffries, M. (1996) A culture of effective efficiency. NHS Magazine. Autumn (6): 12-13.

Wing, J.K., Curtis, R.H. & Beevor, A.S. (1996) HoNOS: Health of the Nation Outcome Scales: Report on Research and Development July 1993-December 1995. London: Royal College of Psychiatrists.

Copyright statement

Copyright in the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS, HoNOS 2018, HoNOS 65+, HoNOS OA, HoNOSCA , HoNOS LD and HoNOS ABI) is owned by the Royal College of Psychiatrists. Commercial copying, renting, and adaptation are prohibited.

Copyright guidance

The following acts may not be performed without the consent of the Royal College of Psychiatrists:

• Copying the work 

• Renting or otherwise issuing copies of the work to the public.

• Adapting the work [e.g. changes to the wording of items, scaling of items, addition or deletion of items or changes in the order of items].

 

This guidance is intended to clarify what extensions to these conditions the Royal College of Psychiatrists (RCPsych) will allow and under what circumstances they expect to be approached to gain explicit permission.

Where HoNOS is used copyright should be acknowledged with the following statement:

  • Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) © Royal College of Psychiatrists 1996
  • Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS 2018) © Royal College of Psychiatrists 2018
  • Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Elderly People (HoNOS 65+) © Royal College of Psychiatrists 1999
  • Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (Older Adults) © Royal College of Psychiatrists 2018
  • Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA) © Royal College of Psychiatrists 1999
  • Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Acquired Brain Injury (HoNOS ABI) © Royal College of Psychiatrists 1999
  • Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for People with Learning Disabilities HoNOS-LD (2002)

The HoNOS glossaries and scoresheets 

 

The RCPsych does not permit the reproduction or copying of the HoNOS glossaries and/or scoresheets for profit. 

The RCPsych allows without express permission the free use, copy and reproduction of HoNOS glossaries and/or scoresheets for use in NHS-funded care. 

The RCPsych allows without express permission NHS organisations and other providers of NHS funded care to include HoNOS glossaries and/or scoresheets in electronic healthcare records and other computerised clinical systems.

The RCPsych also allows without express permission the free use, copy and reproduction of HoNOS glossaries and/or scoresheets in other countries such as Australia, New Zealand and Switzerland, where HoNOS has been mandated for use to support assessment and outcome monitoring in public and private sector mental health services. In such jurisdictions, the RCPsych also allows without express permission the inclusion of HoNOS glossaries and/or scoresheets in electronic healthcare records and other computerised clinical systems.

Where possible, original fonts and layouts should be used. 

Use, copy or reproduction of HoNOS scoresheets and/or glossaries for any other purpose should be with the explicit permission of the RCPsych. The inclusion of HoNOS within commercial ‘for profit’ software systems will require the explicit permission/license of the RCPsych.

Written HoNOS training materials

The RCPsych allows the copying and reproduction of training materials supplied as part of its accredited training only within the organisations who have commissioned that training. All other organisations should seek the explicit permission of the RCPsych to undertake any reproduction, issuing copies to the public or making adaptations in any way.

Other HoNOS publications

The permission of the RCPsych should be sought to undertake any acts associated with copyright law in relation to any other HoNOS publications of the RCPsych.

To request special permission contact: special_sales@cambridge.org

For any technical queries about the outcomes and casemix collections in public mental health services for Australia: Rosemary Dickson,  Network Coordinator, Australian Mental Health Outcomes and Classification Network (AMHOCN) on Rosemary.Dickson@health.nsw.gov.au or Tim Coombs, AMHOCN Consultant on timcoombs@live.com.au

About the Mental Health Clustering Tool

The MHCT has been developed in partnership between the Department of Health, the Royal College of Psychiatrists Centre for Advanced Learning and Conferences and the Care Pathways and Packages Project (CPPP) as a means of allocating clients to Care Clusters which in turn supports care planning and enables Mental Health Payment by Results (MH PbR). The MHCT retains the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) and thus supports providers and commissioners in measuring health and social care outcomes in mental health without the need to collect additional data.

HoNOS was published by the Royal College of Psychiatrists (RCPsych) in 1996 and is now the most widely used outcome measure in specialist mental health services in England and overseas. The RCPsych has over 20 years experience of training clinical staff in the use of the HoNOS, working with staff teams to train them as trainers and with Trusts to develop and support Trust wide training and implementation plans.

MHCT training

To support mental health service providers and commissioners in implementing MH PbR, the following training courses are available:

  • Mental Health Clustering Tool – Foundation One Day Training Course. Delivered directly to all staff who will be involved in assessment and clustering
  • Mental Health Clustering Tool – Train the Trainers Two Day Course. Designed to help organisations train staff and implement MHCT . For organisations which have no previous experience of using HoNOS
  • Mental Health Clustering Tool – Train the Trainers Course One Day Update Course. Designed to help organisations train staff and implement MHCT. For organisations which HAVE previous experience of using HoNOS
  • Bespoke courses on request to suit your specific organisational needs (NB. HoNOS only training courses are available on request)

More information on training: Mental Health Clustering Tool (pdf)

Contact: Emma George on emma.george@rcpsych.ac.uk

Read more to receive further information regarding a career in psychiatry